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Research Article

SIVagm Infection in Wild African Green Monkeys from South Africa: Epidemiology, Natural History, and Evolutionary Considerations

  • Dongzhu Ma equal contributor,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Dongzhu Ma, Anna Jasinska

    Affiliation: Center for Vaccine Research, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States of America

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  • Anna Jasinska equal contributor,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Dongzhu Ma, Anna Jasinska

    Affiliation: Center for Neurobehavioral Genetics, Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, United States of America

    X
  • Jan Kristoff,

    Affiliation: Center for Vaccine Research, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States of America

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  • J. Paul Grobler,

    Affiliation: Department of Genetics, Faculty of Natural and Agricultural Sciences, University of the Free State, Bloemfontein, South Africa

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  • Trudy Turner,

    Affiliations: Department of Genetics, Faculty of Natural and Agricultural Sciences, University of the Free State, Bloemfontein, South Africa, Department of Anthropology, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, United States of America

    X
  • Yoon Jung,

    Affiliation: Center for Neurobehavioral Genetics, Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, United States of America

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  • Christopher Schmitt,

    Affiliation: Center for Neurobehavioral Genetics, Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, United States of America

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  • Kevin Raehtz,

    Affiliation: Center for Vaccine Research, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States of America

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  • Felix Feyertag,

    Affiliation: Computational and Evolutionary Biology, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom

    X
  • Natalie Martinez Sosa,

    Affiliation: Center for Vaccine Research, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States of America

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  • Viskam Wijewardana,

    Affiliation: Center for Vaccine Research, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States of America

    X
  • Donald S. Burke,

    Affiliation: Center for Vaccine Research, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States of America

    X
  • David L. Robertson,

    Affiliation: Computational and Evolutionary Biology, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom

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  • Russell Tracy,

    Affiliation: Departments of Pathology and Biochemistry, University of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont, United States of America

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  • Ivona Pandrea,

    Affiliations: Center for Vaccine Research, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States of America, Department of Pathology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States of America

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  • Nelson Freimer,

    Affiliation: Center for Neurobehavioral Genetics, Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, United States of America

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  • Cristian Apetrei, for “The International Vervet Research Consortium” mail

    apetreic@pitt.edu

    Affiliations: Center for Vaccine Research, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States of America, Department of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States of America

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  • Published: January 17, 2013
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1003011

Reader Comments (1)

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Did recognized acute infections coincide with the mating season?

Posted by vmuller on 18 Jan 2013 at 10:04 GMT

Have you tested whether the sampling dates of that 10% apparently recent infections fell within or closely after the mating season? This would be expected if transmission indeed occurs primarily through sexual contact.

No competing interests declared.

RE: Did recognized acute infections coincide with the mating season?

capetrei replied to vmuller on 29 Jan 2013 at 19:55 GMT

Animals were sampled between July and Nov, which (based on the pregnancy time: 140-160 days) could be called a broad sense mating season, but we do not have comparison to non-mating season. While having peaks, mating occurs throughout the year.
I would recommend discuss in detail with Ania (AJasinska@mednet.ucla.edu) these behavioral aspects.
Cristian

No competing interests declared.