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Research Article

The Cell Cycle Independence of HIV Infections Is Not Determined by Known Karyophilic Viral Elements

  • Masahiro Yamashita,

    Affiliation: Division of Human Biology and Basic Sciences, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

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  • Michael Emerman mail

    To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: memerman@fhcrc.org

    Affiliation: Division of Human Biology and Basic Sciences, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

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  • Published: November 11, 2005
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.ppat.0010018

About the Authors

Masahiro Yamashita, Michael Emerman
Division of Human Biology and Basic Sciences, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: memerman@fhcrc.org

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

MY and ME conceived and designed the experiments. MY performed the experiments. MY and ME analyzed the data. MY contributed reagents, materials, and analysis tools. MY and ME wrote the paper.