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Research Article

Plasmodium falciparum Variant Surface Antigen Expression Patterns during Malaria

  • Peter C Bull mail,

    To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: pbull@kilifi.mimcom.net

    Affiliations: Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, John Radcliffe Hospital, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom, Wellcome Trust/Kenya Medical Research Institute Collaborative Programme, Kilifi, Kenya

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  • Matthew Berriman equal contributor,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Matthew Berriman, Sue Kyes

    Affiliation: Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, Hinxton, United Kingdom

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  • Sue Kyes equal contributor,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Matthew Berriman, Sue Kyes

    Affiliation: Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, John Radcliffe Hospital, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

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  • Michael A Quail,

    Affiliation: Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, Hinxton, United Kingdom

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  • Neil Hall,

    Affiliation: The Institute for Genomic Research, Rockville, Maryland, United States of America

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  • Moses M Kortok,

    Affiliation: Wellcome Trust/Kenya Medical Research Institute Collaborative Programme, Kilifi, Kenya

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  • Kevin Marsh,

    Affiliations: Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, John Radcliffe Hospital, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom, Wellcome Trust/Kenya Medical Research Institute Collaborative Programme, Kilifi, Kenya

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  • Chris I Newbold

    Affiliation: Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, John Radcliffe Hospital, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

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  • Published: November 18, 2005
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.ppat.0010026

About the Authors

Peter C Bull, Sue Kyes, Kevin Marsh, Chris I Newbold
Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, John Radcliffe Hospital, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
Peter C Bull, Moses M Kortok, Kevin Marsh
Wellcome Trust/Kenya Medical Research Institute Collaborative Programme, Kilifi, Kenya
Matthew Berriman, Michael A Quail
Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, Hinxton, United Kingdom
Neil Hall
The Institute for Genomic Research, Rockville, Maryland, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: pbull@kilifi.mimcom.net

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

PCB, SK, KM, and CIN conceived and designed the study. PCB, SK, MB, MMK and MAQ performed the experiments. MB provided overall management of DNA sequencing. MAQ managed the DBL libraries and ensured clones from each library were made available for sequencing. NH managed sample processing and DNA sequencing. PCB analyzed the data and wrote the paper. MB, SK, KM, and CIN revised drafts of the paper.