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Research Article

Co-Infection Dynamics of a Major Food-Borne Zoonotic Pathogen in Chicken

  • Beate Skånseng,

    Affiliations: MATFORSK, Norwegian Food Research Institute, Ås, Norway, Department of Chemistry, Biotechnology and Food Science, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Ås, Norway

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  • Pål Trosvik,

    Affiliations: MATFORSK, Norwegian Food Research Institute, Ås, Norway, Centre for Ecological and Evolutionary Synthesis, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway

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  • Monika Zimonja,

    Affiliations: MATFORSK, Norwegian Food Research Institute, Ås, Norway, Department of Informatics, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway

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  • Gro Johnsen,

    Affiliations: National Veterinary Institute, Oslo, Norway, IVAR, Stavanger, Norway

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  • Lotte Bjerrum,

    Affiliation: National Veterinary Institute, Technical University of Denmark, Århus N, Denmark

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  • Karl Pedersen,

    Affiliation: National Veterinary Institute, Technical University of Denmark, Århus N, Denmark

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  • Nina Wallin,

    Affiliation: Department of Applied Microbiology, Lund University, Lund, Sweden

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  • Knut Rudi mail

    To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: knut.rudi@matforsk.no

    Affiliations: MATFORSK, Norwegian Food Research Institute, Ås, Norway, Hedmark University College, Hamar, Norway

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  • Published: November 16, 2007
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.ppat.0030175

About the Authors

Beate Skånseng, Pål Trosvik, Monika Zimonja, Knut Rudi
MATFORSK, Norwegian Food Research Institute, Ås, Norway
Beate Skånseng
Department of Chemistry, Biotechnology and Food Science, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Ås, Norway
Pål Trosvik
Centre for Ecological and Evolutionary Synthesis, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
Monika Zimonja
Department of Informatics, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
Gro Johnsen
National Veterinary Institute, Oslo, Norway
Gro Johnsen
IVAR, Stavanger, Norway
Lotte Bjerrum, Karl Pedersen
National Veterinary Institute, Technical University of Denmark, Århus N, Denmark
Nina Wallin
Department of Applied Microbiology, Lund University, Lund, Sweden
Knut Rudi
Hedmark University College, Hamar, Norway

Corresponding Author

Email: knut.rudi@matforsk.no

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

BS, LB, KP, and KR conceived and designed the experiments. BS, LB, and NW performed the experiments. BS, PT, MZ, and KR analysed the data. PT, MZ, GJ, LB, and KR contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools. BS and KR wrote the paper.