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Research Article

Multiple Infections by the Anther Smut Pathogen Are Frequent and Involve Related Strains

  • Manuela López-Villavicencio,

    Affiliations: Univ Paris-Sud, Laboratoire Ecologie, Systématique et Evolution, Orsay, France, CNRS, UMR 8079, Orsay, France

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  • Odile Jonot,

    Affiliations: Univ Paris-Sud, Laboratoire Ecologie, Systématique et Evolution, Orsay, France, CNRS, UMR 8079, Orsay, France

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  • Amélie Coantic,

    Affiliations: Univ Paris-Sud, Laboratoire Ecologie, Systématique et Evolution, Orsay, France, CNRS, UMR 8079, Orsay, France

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  • Michael E Hood,

    Affiliation: Department of Biology, Amherst College, Amherst, Massachusetts, United States of America

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  • Jérôme Enjalbert,

    Affiliation: Laboratoire de Pathologie Végétale, INRA BIOGER, Thiverval Grignon, France

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  • Tatiana Giraud mail

    To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: Tatiana.Giraud@u-psud.fr

    Affiliations: Univ Paris-Sud, Laboratoire Ecologie, Systématique et Evolution, Orsay, France, CNRS, UMR 8079, Orsay, France

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  • Published: November 16, 2007
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.ppat.0030176

About the Authors

Manuela López-Villavicencio, Odile Jonot, Amélie Coantic, Tatiana Giraud
Univ Paris-Sud, Laboratoire Ecologie, Systématique et Evolution, Orsay, France
Manuela López-Villavicencio, Odile Jonot, Amélie Coantic, Tatiana Giraud
CNRS, UMR 8079, Orsay, France
Michael E Hood
Department of Biology, Amherst College, Amherst, Massachusetts, United States of America
Jérôme Enjalbert
Laboratoire de Pathologie Végétale, INRA BIOGER, Thiverval Grignon, France

Corresponding Author

Email: Tatiana.Giraud@u-psud.fr

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

MLV and TG contributed equally to this work. MLV, OJ, AC, and JE performed the genotyping. MLV, MEH, and TG performed the analyses and wrote the paper. All authors discussed the results and commented on the paper.