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Research Article

Temperature, Viral Genetics, and the Transmission of West Nile Virus by Culex pipiens Mosquitoes

  • A. Marm Kilpatrick,

    Affiliations: Consortium for Conservation Medicine, New York, New York, United States of America, Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California, Santa Cruz, California, United States of America

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  • Mark A. Meola,

    Affiliation: Wadsworth Center, New York State Department of Health, Slingerlands, New York, United States of America

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  • Robin M. Moudy,

    Affiliation: Wadsworth Center, New York State Department of Health, Slingerlands, New York, United States of America

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  • Laura D. Kramer mail

    Kramer@wadsworth.org

    Affiliations: Wadsworth Center, New York State Department of Health, Slingerlands, New York, United States of America, Department of Biomedical Sciences, School of Public Health, State University of New York at Albany, Albany, New York, United States of America

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  • Published: June 27, 2008
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1000092

About the Authors

A. Marm Kilpatrick
Consortium for Conservation Medicine, New York, New York, United States of America
A. Marm Kilpatrick
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California, Santa Cruz, California, United States of America
Mark A. Meola, Robin M. Moudy, Laura D. Kramer
Wadsworth Center, New York State Department of Health, Slingerlands, New York, United States of America
Laura D. Kramer
Department of Biomedical Sciences, School of Public Health, State University of New York at Albany, Albany, New York, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: Kramer@wadsworth.org

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: RM LK. Performed the experiments: MM RM LK. Analyzed the data: AK LK. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: AK LK. Wrote the paper: AK RM LK.