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Research Article

Domestic Pigs Have Low Susceptibility to H5N1 Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza Viruses

  • Aleksandr S. Lipatov,

    Affiliation: Southeast Poultry Research Laboratory, Agricultural Research Service, United States Department of Agriculture, Athens, Georgia, United States of America

    Current address: Influenza Division, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, MS G-16, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

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  • Yong Kuk Kwon,

    Affiliation: Southeast Poultry Research Laboratory, Agricultural Research Service, United States Department of Agriculture, Athens, Georgia, United States of America

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  • Luciana V. Sarmento,

    Affiliation: Southeast Poultry Research Laboratory, Agricultural Research Service, United States Department of Agriculture, Athens, Georgia, United States of America

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  • Kelly M. Lager,

    Affiliation: National Animal Diseases Center, Agricultural Research Service, United States Department of Agriculture, Ames, Iowa, United States of America

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  • Erica Spackman,

    Affiliation: Southeast Poultry Research Laboratory, Agricultural Research Service, United States Department of Agriculture, Athens, Georgia, United States of America

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  • David L. Suarez,

    Affiliation: Southeast Poultry Research Laboratory, Agricultural Research Service, United States Department of Agriculture, Athens, Georgia, United States of America

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  • David E. Swayne mail

    david.swayne@ars.usda.gov

    Affiliation: Southeast Poultry Research Laboratory, Agricultural Research Service, United States Department of Agriculture, Athens, Georgia, United States of America

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  • Published: July 11, 2008
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1000102

About the Authors

Aleksandr S. Lipatov, Yong Kuk Kwon, Luciana V. Sarmento, Erica Spackman, David L. Suarez, David E. Swayne
Southeast Poultry Research Laboratory, Agricultural Research Service, United States Department of Agriculture, Athens, Georgia, United States of America
Kelly M. Lager
National Animal Diseases Center, Agricultural Research Service, United States Department of Agriculture, Ames, Iowa, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: david.swayne@ars.usda.gov

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: AL YK KL DES. Performed the experiments: AL YK LS. Analyzed the data: AL YK LS KL ES DLS DES. Wrote the paper: AL DES. Performed sequencing and sequence analysis: ES DLS.