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Research Article

Human Papillomavirus Type 16 Entry: Retrograde Cell Surface Transport along Actin-Rich Protrusions

  • Mario Schelhaas,

    Affiliation: Institute of Biochemistry, ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland

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  • Helge Ewers,

    Affiliation: Institute of Biochemistry, ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland

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  • Minna-Liisa Rajamäki,

    Affiliation: Department of Applied Biology, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland

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  • Patricia M. Day,

    Affiliation: Laboratory of Cellular Oncology, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of Maryland

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  • John T. Schiller,

    Affiliation: Laboratory of Cellular Oncology, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of Maryland

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  • Ari Helenius mail

    ari.helenius@bc.biol.ethz.ch

    Affiliation: Institute of Biochemistry, ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland

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  • Published: September 05, 2008
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1000148

About the Authors

Mario Schelhaas, Helge Ewers, Ari Helenius
Institute of Biochemistry, ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
Minna-Liisa Rajamäki
Department of Applied Biology, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
Patricia M. Day, John T. Schiller
Laboratory of Cellular Oncology, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of Maryland

Corresponding Author

Email: ari.helenius@bc.biol.ethz.ch

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: MS HE AH. Performed the experiments: MS HE MLR. Analyzed the data: MS HE MLR. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: MS PMD JTS. Wrote the paper: MS HE MLR PMD JTS AH.