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Research Article

Genomic Analyses of the Microsporidian Nosema ceranae, an Emergent Pathogen of Honey Bees

  • R. Scott Cornman,

    Affiliation: USDA-ARS Bee Research Lab, Beltsville, Maryland, United States of America

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  • Yan Ping Chen,

    Affiliation: USDA-ARS Bee Research Lab, Beltsville, Maryland, United States of America

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  • Michael C. Schatz,

    Affiliation: Center for Bioinformatics and Computational Biology, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland, United States of America

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  • Craig Street,

    Affiliation: Center for Infection and Immunity, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, New York, United States of America

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  • Yan Zhao,

    Affiliation: USDA-ARS Molecular Plant Pathology Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland, United States of America

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  • Brian Desany,

    Affiliation: 454 Life Sciences/Roche Applied Sciences, Branford, Connecticut, United States of America

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  • Michael Egholm,

    Affiliation: 454 Life Sciences/Roche Applied Sciences, Branford, Connecticut, United States of America

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  • Stephen Hutchison,

    Affiliation: 454 Life Sciences/Roche Applied Sciences, Branford, Connecticut, United States of America

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  • Jeffery S. Pettis,

    Affiliation: USDA-ARS Bee Research Lab, Beltsville, Maryland, United States of America

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  • W. Ian Lipkin,

    Affiliation: Center for Infection and Immunity, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, New York, United States of America

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  • Jay D. Evans mail

    Jay.evans@ars.usda.gov

    Affiliation: USDA-ARS Bee Research Lab, Beltsville, Maryland, United States of America

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  • Published: June 05, 2009
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1000466

About the Authors

R. Scott Cornman, Yan Ping Chen, Jeffery S. Pettis, Jay D. Evans
USDA-ARS Bee Research Lab, Beltsville, Maryland, United States of America
Michael C. Schatz
Center for Bioinformatics and Computational Biology, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland, United States of America
Craig Street, W. Ian Lipkin
Center for Infection and Immunity, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, New York, United States of America
Yan Zhao
USDA-ARS Molecular Plant Pathology Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland, United States of America
Brian Desany, Michael Egholm, Stephen Hutchison
454 Life Sciences/Roche Applied Sciences, Branford, Connecticut, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: Jay.evans@ars.usda.gov

Competing Interests

ME, SH, and BD are employed by 454 Life Sciences/Roche Applied Sciences.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: YPC JSP WIL JDE. Performed the experiments: YPC ME SH WIL. Analyzed the data: RSC MCS CS YZ BD JDE. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: RSC YPC MCS JSP WIL JDE. Wrote the paper: RSC YPC JDE.