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Research Article

Isolation of Genetically Diverse Marburg Viruses from Egyptian Fruit Bats

  • Jonathan S. Towner,

    Affiliation: Special Pathogens Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

    X
  • Brian R. Amman,

    Affiliation: Special Pathogens Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

    X
  • Tara K. Sealy,

    Affiliation: Special Pathogens Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

    X
  • Serena A. Reeder Carroll,

    Affiliation: Special Pathogens Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

    X
  • James A. Comer,

    Affiliation: Special Pathogens Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

    X
  • Alan Kemp,

    Affiliation: National Institute for Communicable Diseases, Special Pathogens Unit, Johannesburg, South Africa

    X
  • Robert Swanepoel,

    Affiliation: National Institute for Communicable Diseases, Special Pathogens Unit, Johannesburg, South Africa

    X
  • Christopher D. Paddock,

    Affiliation: Infectious Disease Pathology Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

    X
  • Stephen Balinandi,

    Affiliation: Global AIDS Program, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Entebbe, Uganda

    X
  • Marina L. Khristova,

    Affiliation: Biotechnology Core Facility Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

    X
  • Pierre B. H. Formenty,

    Affiliation: Epidemic and Pandemic Alert and Response Department, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland

    X
  • Cesar G. Albarino,

    Affiliation: Special Pathogens Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

    X
  • David M. Miller,

    Affiliation: Special Pathogens Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

    X
  • Zachary D. Reed,

    Affiliation: Special Pathogens Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

    X
  • John T. Kayiwa,

    Affiliation: Uganda Virus Research Institute, Entebbe, Uganda

    X
  • James N. Mills,

    Affiliation: Special Pathogens Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

    X
  • Deborah L. Cannon,

    Affiliation: Special Pathogens Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

    X
  • Patricia W. Greer,

    Affiliation: Infectious Disease Pathology Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

    X
  • Emmanuel Byaruhanga,

    Affiliation: Ibanda District Hospital, Ibanda, Uganda

    X
  • Eileen C. Farnon,

    Affiliation: Special Pathogens Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

    X
  • Patrick Atimnedi,

    Affiliation: Uganda Wildlife Authority, Kampala, Uganda

    X
  • Samuel Okware,

    Affiliation: Ministry of Health, Republic of Uganda, Kampala, Uganda

    X
  • Edward Katongole-Mbidde,

    Affiliation: Uganda Virus Research Institute, Entebbe, Uganda

    X
  • Robert Downing,

    Affiliation: Global AIDS Program, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Entebbe, Uganda

    X
  • Jordan W. Tappero,

    Affiliation: Global AIDS Program, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Entebbe, Uganda

    X
  • Sherif R. Zaki,

    Affiliation: Infectious Disease Pathology Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

    X
  • Thomas G. Ksiazek,

    Affiliation: Special Pathogens Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

    Current address: Galveston National Lab, Department of Pathology, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas, United States of America

    X
  • Stuart T. Nichol mail,

    stn1@cdc.gov (STN); pyr7@cdc.gov (PER)

    Affiliation: Special Pathogens Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

    X
  • Pierre E. Rollin mail

    stn1@cdc.gov (STN); pyr7@cdc.gov (PER)

    Affiliation: Special Pathogens Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

    X
  • Published: July 31, 2009
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1000536

About the Authors

Jonathan S. Towner, Brian R. Amman, Tara K. Sealy, Serena A. Reeder Carroll, James A. Comer, Cesar G. Albarino, David M. Miller, Zachary D. Reed, James N. Mills, Deborah L. Cannon, Eileen C. Farnon, Thomas G. Ksiazek, Stuart T. Nichol, Pierre E. Rollin
Special Pathogens Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America
Alan Kemp, Robert Swanepoel
National Institute for Communicable Diseases, Special Pathogens Unit, Johannesburg, South Africa
Christopher D. Paddock, Patricia W. Greer, Sherif R. Zaki
Infectious Disease Pathology Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America
Stephen Balinandi, Robert Downing, Jordan W. Tappero
Global AIDS Program, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Entebbe, Uganda
Marina L. Khristova
Biotechnology Core Facility Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America
Pierre B. H. Formenty
Epidemic and Pandemic Alert and Response Department, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
John T. Kayiwa, Edward Katongole-Mbidde
Uganda Virus Research Institute, Entebbe, Uganda
Emmanuel Byaruhanga
Ibanda District Hospital, Ibanda, Uganda
Patrick Atimnedi
Uganda Wildlife Authority, Kampala, Uganda
Samuel Okware
Ministry of Health, Republic of Uganda, Kampala, Uganda

Corresponding Authors

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: JST BRA STN PER. Performed the experiments: JST BRA TKS SARC JAC AK RS CDP SB MLK PBHF CGA DMM ZDR JTK JNM DLC PWG ECF JWT PER. Analyzed the data: JST BRA TKS SARC JAC AK RS CDP MLK DMM ZDR JNM DLC SRZ TGK STN PER. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: JST BRA PBHF EB PA SO EKM RD JWT SRZ TGK STN PER. Wrote the paper: JST BRA SARC RS CDP STN PER.