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Research Article

A Novel System for the Launch of Alphavirus RNA Synthesis Reveals a Role for the Imd Pathway in Arthropod Antiviral Response

  • Vasanthi Avadhanula,

    Affiliation: Department of Biology, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana, United States of America

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  • Brandon P. Weasner,

    Affiliation: Department of Biology, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana, United States of America

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  • Gail G. Hardy,

    Affiliation: Department of Biology, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana, United States of America

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  • Justin P. Kumar,

    Affiliation: Department of Biology, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana, United States of America

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  • Richard W. Hardy mail

    rwhardy@indiana.edu

    Affiliation: Department of Biology, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana, United States of America

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  • Published: September 18, 2009
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1000582

About the Authors

Vasanthi Avadhanula, Brandon P. Weasner, Gail G. Hardy, Justin P. Kumar, Richard W. Hardy
Department of Biology, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: rwhardy@indiana.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: VA JPK RWH. Performed the experiments: VA BPW GGH. Analyzed the data: VA JPK RWH. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: BPW GGH. Wrote the paper: VA.