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Research Article

TmpL, a Transmembrane Protein Required for Intracellular Redox Homeostasis and Virulence in a Plant and an Animal Fungal Pathogen

  • Kwang-Hyung Kim,

    Affiliation: Virginia Bioinformatics Institute and Department of Biological Sciences, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Virginia, United States of America

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  • Sven D. Willger,

    Affiliation: Department of Veterinary Molecular Biology, Montana State University, Bozeman, Montana, United States of America

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  • Sang-Wook Park,

    Affiliation: Virginia Bioinformatics Institute and Department of Biological Sciences, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Virginia, United States of America

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  • Srisombat Puttikamonkul,

    Affiliation: Department of Veterinary Molecular Biology, Montana State University, Bozeman, Montana, United States of America

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  • Nora Grahl,

    Affiliation: Department of Veterinary Molecular Biology, Montana State University, Bozeman, Montana, United States of America

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  • Yangrae Cho,

    Affiliation: Department of Plant and Environmental Protection Sciences, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, Hawaii, United States of America

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  • Biswarup Mukhopadhyay,

    Affiliation: Virginia Bioinformatics Institute and Department of Biological Sciences, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Virginia, United States of America

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  • Robert A. Cramer Jr. mail,

    rcramer@montana.edu (RAC); lawrence@vbi.vt.edu (CBL)

    Affiliation: Department of Veterinary Molecular Biology, Montana State University, Bozeman, Montana, United States of America

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  • Christopher B. Lawrence mail

    rcramer@montana.edu (RAC); lawrence@vbi.vt.edu (CBL)

    Affiliation: Virginia Bioinformatics Institute and Department of Biological Sciences, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Virginia, United States of America

    X
  • Published: November 06, 2009
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1000653

About the Authors

Kwang-Hyung Kim, Sang-Wook Park, Biswarup Mukhopadhyay, Christopher B. Lawrence
Virginia Bioinformatics Institute and Department of Biological Sciences, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Virginia, United States of America
Sven D. Willger, Srisombat Puttikamonkul, Nora Grahl, Robert A. Cramer Jr.
Department of Veterinary Molecular Biology, Montana State University, Bozeman, Montana, United States of America
Yangrae Cho
Department of Plant and Environmental Protection Sciences, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, Hawaii, United States of America

Corresponding Authors

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: KHK SDW SWP BM RAC CBL. Performed the experiments: KHK SDW SP NG YC. Analyzed the data: KHK SDW SWP YC BM RAC CBL. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: KHK SDW SWP BM RAC CBL. Wrote the paper: KHK SDW YC RAC CBL.