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Research Article

Origin and Evolution of Sulfadoxine Resistant Plasmodium falciparum

  • Sumiti Vinayak equal contributor,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Sumiti Vinayak, Md Tauqeer Alam

    Affiliations: Atlanta Research and Education Foundation, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America, Malaria Branch, Division of Parasitic Diseases, National Center for Zoonotic Vector Borne and Enteric Diseases, Coordinating Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

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  • Md Tauqeer Alam equal contributor,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Sumiti Vinayak, Md Tauqeer Alam

    Affiliation: Malaria Branch, Division of Parasitic Diseases, National Center for Zoonotic Vector Borne and Enteric Diseases, Coordinating Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

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  • Tonya Mixson-Hayden,

    Affiliation: Malaria Branch, Division of Parasitic Diseases, National Center for Zoonotic Vector Borne and Enteric Diseases, Coordinating Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

    X
  • Andrea M. McCollum,

    Affiliation: Malaria Branch, Division of Parasitic Diseases, National Center for Zoonotic Vector Borne and Enteric Diseases, Coordinating Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

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  • Rithy Sem,

    Affiliations: National Malaria Center, Phnom Penh, Cambodia, US Naval Medical Research Unit No. 2, Jakarta, Indonesia

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  • Naman K. Shah,

    Affiliation: Department of Epidemiology, UNC School of Public Health, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States of America

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  • Pharath Lim,

    Affiliation: Institut Pasteur in Cambodia, Phnom Penh, Cambodia

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  • Sinuon Muth,

    Affiliation: National Malaria Center, Phnom Penh, Cambodia

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  • William O. Rogers,

    Affiliation: US Naval Medical Research Unit No. 2, Jakarta, Indonesia

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  • Thierry Fandeur,

    Affiliation: Institut Pasteur, Unité d'Immunologie Moléculaire des Parasites, Paris, France

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  • John W. Barnwell,

    Affiliation: Malaria Branch, Division of Parasitic Diseases, National Center for Zoonotic Vector Borne and Enteric Diseases, Coordinating Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

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  • Ananias A. Escalante,

    Affiliation: School of Life Sciences, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona, United States of America

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  • Chansuda Wongsrichanalai,

    Affiliation: US Naval Medical Research Unit No. 2, Jakarta, Indonesia

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  • Frederick Ariey,

    Affiliation: Institut Pasteur in Cambodia, Phnom Penh, Cambodia

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  • Steven R. Meshnick,

    Affiliation: Department of Epidemiology, UNC School of Public Health, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States of America

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  • Venkatachalam Udhayakumar mail

    vxu0@cdc.gov

    Affiliation: Malaria Branch, Division of Parasitic Diseases, National Center for Zoonotic Vector Borne and Enteric Diseases, Coordinating Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

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  • Published: March 26, 2010
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1000830

About the Authors

Sumiti Vinayak
Atlanta Research and Education Foundation, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America
Sumiti Vinayak, Md Tauqeer Alam, Tonya Mixson-Hayden, Andrea M. McCollum, John W. Barnwell, Venkatachalam Udhayakumar
Malaria Branch, Division of Parasitic Diseases, National Center for Zoonotic Vector Borne and Enteric Diseases, Coordinating Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America
Rithy Sem, Sinuon Muth
National Malaria Center, Phnom Penh, Cambodia
Rithy Sem, William O. Rogers, Chansuda Wongsrichanalai
US Naval Medical Research Unit No. 2, Jakarta, Indonesia
Naman K. Shah, Steven R. Meshnick
Department of Epidemiology, UNC School of Public Health, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States of America
Pharath Lim, Frederick Ariey
Institut Pasteur in Cambodia, Phnom Penh, Cambodia
Thierry Fandeur
Institut Pasteur, Unité d'Immunologie Moléculaire des Parasites, Paris, France
Ananias A. Escalante
School of Life Sciences, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: vxu0@cdc.gov

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: SV MTA VU. Performed the experiments: SV MTA AMM. Analyzed the data: SV MTA VU. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: TMH RS NKS PL SM WOR TF JWB AAE CW FA SRM VU. Wrote the paper: SV MTA VU.