Advertisement
Research Article

The Spread of Tomato Yellow Leaf Curl Virus from the Middle East to the World

  • Pierre Lefeuvre,

    Affiliations: Institute of Infectious Diseases and Molecular Medicine, University of Cape Town, Observatory, Cape Town, South Africa, CIRAD, UMR 53 PVBMT CIRAD-Université de la Réunion, Pôle de Protection des Plantes, Ligne Paradis, Saint Pierre, La Réunion, France

    X
  • Darren P. Martin,

    Affiliations: Institute of Infectious Diseases and Molecular Medicine, University of Cape Town, Observatory, Cape Town, South Africa, Centre for High-Performance Computing, Rosebank, Cape Town, South Africa

    X
  • Gordon Harkins,

    Affiliation: South African National Bioinformatics Institute, University of the Western Cape, Cape Town, South Africa

    X
  • Philippe Lemey,

    Affiliation: Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Leuven, Belgium

    X
  • Alistair J. A. Gray,

    Affiliation: Electron Microscope Unit, University of Cape Town, Rondebosch, Cape Town, South Africa

    X
  • Sandra Meredith,

    Affiliation: Electron Microscope Unit, University of Cape Town, Rondebosch, Cape Town, South Africa

    X
  • Francisco Lakay,

    Affiliation: Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of Cape Town, Rondebosch, Cape Town, South Africa

    X
  • Adérito Monjane,

    Affiliation: Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of Cape Town, Rondebosch, Cape Town, South Africa

    X
  • Jean-Michel Lett,

    Affiliation: CIRAD, UMR 53 PVBMT CIRAD-Université de la Réunion, Pôle de Protection des Plantes, Ligne Paradis, Saint Pierre, La Réunion, France

    X
  • Arvind Varsani mail,

    arvind.varsani@canterbury.ac.nz

    Affiliations: Electron Microscope Unit, University of Cape Town, Rondebosch, Cape Town, South Africa, School of Biological Sciences, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand

    X
  • Jahangir Heydarnejad

    Affiliation: Department of Plant Protection, College of Agriculture, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran

    X
  • Published: October 28, 2010
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1001164

About the Authors

Pierre Lefeuvre, Darren P. Martin
Institute of Infectious Diseases and Molecular Medicine, University of Cape Town, Observatory, Cape Town, South Africa
Pierre Lefeuvre, Jean-Michel Lett
CIRAD, UMR 53 PVBMT CIRAD-Université de la Réunion, Pôle de Protection des Plantes, Ligne Paradis, Saint Pierre, La Réunion, France
Darren P. Martin
Centre for High-Performance Computing, Rosebank, Cape Town, South Africa
Gordon Harkins
South African National Bioinformatics Institute, University of the Western Cape, Cape Town, South Africa
Philippe Lemey
Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
Alistair J. A. Gray, Sandra Meredith, Arvind Varsani
Electron Microscope Unit, University of Cape Town, Rondebosch, Cape Town, South Africa
Francisco Lakay, Adérito Monjane
Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of Cape Town, Rondebosch, Cape Town, South Africa
Arvind Varsani
School of Biological Sciences, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand
Jahangir Heydarnejad
Department of Plant Protection, College of Agriculture, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran

Corresponding Author

Email: arvind.varsani@canterbury.ac.nz

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: P. Lefeuvre, D. Martin, A. Varsani, J. Heydarnejad. Performed the experiments: A. Gray, S. Meredith, F. Lakay, A. Varsani, J. Heydarnejad. Analyzed the data: P. Lefeuvre, D. Martin, G. Harkins, P. Lemey, A. Gray, A. Monjane, J. Lett, A. Varsani. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: A. Varsani, J. Heydarnejad. Wrote the paper: P. Lefeuvre, D. Martin, G. Harkins, P. Lemey, A. Varsani, J. Heydarnejad.