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Research Article

Antigenic Variation in Plasmodium falciparum Malaria Involves a Highly Structured Switching Pattern

  • Mario Recker mail,

    mario.recker@zoo.ox.ac.uk chris.newbold@imm.ox.ac.uk

    Affiliation: Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

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  • Caroline O. Buckee,

    Affiliations: Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom, Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

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  • Andrew Serazin,

    Affiliation: Weatherall Institute of Molecular Medicine, University of Oxford, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford, United Kingdom

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  • Sue Kyes,

    Affiliation: Weatherall Institute of Molecular Medicine, University of Oxford, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford, United Kingdom

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  • Robert Pinches,

    Affiliation: Weatherall Institute of Molecular Medicine, University of Oxford, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford, United Kingdom

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  • Zóe Christodoulou,

    Affiliation: Weatherall Institute of Molecular Medicine, University of Oxford, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford, United Kingdom

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  • Amy L. Springer,

    Affiliation: Department of Biology, Amherst College, Amherst, Massachusetts, United States of America

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  • Sunetra Gupta,

    Affiliation: Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

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  • Chris I. Newbold mail

    mario.recker@zoo.ox.ac.uk chris.newbold@imm.ox.ac.uk

    Affiliation: Weatherall Institute of Molecular Medicine, University of Oxford, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford, United Kingdom

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  • Published: March 03, 2011
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1001306

About the Authors

Mario Recker, Caroline O. Buckee, Sunetra Gupta
Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
Caroline O. Buckee
Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America
Andrew Serazin, Sue Kyes, Robert Pinches, Zóe Christodoulou, Chris I. Newbold
Weatherall Institute of Molecular Medicine, University of Oxford, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford, United Kingdom
Amy L. Springer
Department of Biology, Amherst College, Amherst, Massachusetts, United States of America

Corresponding Authors

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: MR COB AS SG CIN. Performed the experiments: MR COB AS SK RP ZC. Analyzed the data: MR. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: RP ZC ALS. Wrote the paper: MR COB AS SG CIN. Helped write the paper: SK.