Advertisement
Research Article

The Cost of Virulence: Retarded Growth of Salmonella Typhimurium Cells Expressing Type III Secretion System 1

  • Alexander Sturm,

    Affiliation: Institute of Microbiology, ETH Zürich, Zurich, Switzerland

    X
  • Matthias Heinemann,

    Affiliation: Groningen Biomolecular Sciences and Biotechnology Institute, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands

    X
  • Markus Arnoldini,

    Affiliation: Institute of Biogeochemistry and Pollutant Dynamics, ETH Zürich and Department of Environmental Microbiology, Eawag, Switzerland

    X
  • Arndt Benecke,

    Affiliation: Institut des Hautes Études Scientifiques & Institut de Recherche Interdisciplinaire CNRS USR3078 - Universités Lille I+II, Bures sur Yvette, France

    X
  • Martin Ackermann,

    Affiliation: Institute of Biogeochemistry and Pollutant Dynamics, ETH Zürich and Department of Environmental Microbiology, Eawag, Switzerland

    X
  • Matthias Benz,

    Affiliation: Institute of Microbiology, ETH Zürich, Zurich, Switzerland

    X
  • Jasmine Dormann,

    Affiliation: Institute of Microbiology, ETH Zürich, Zurich, Switzerland

    X
  • Wolf-Dietrich Hardt mail

    hardt@micro.biol.ethz.ch

    Affiliation: Institute of Microbiology, ETH Zürich, Zurich, Switzerland

    X
  • Published: July 28, 2011
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1002143

About the Authors

Alexander Sturm, Matthias Benz, Jasmine Dormann, Wolf-Dietrich Hardt
Institute of Microbiology, ETH Zürich, Zurich, Switzerland
Matthias Heinemann
Groningen Biomolecular Sciences and Biotechnology Institute, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands
Markus Arnoldini, Martin Ackermann
Institute of Biogeochemistry and Pollutant Dynamics, ETH Zürich and Department of Environmental Microbiology, Eawag, Switzerland
Arndt Benecke
Institut des Hautes Études Scientifiques & Institut de Recherche Interdisciplinaire CNRS USR3078 - Universités Lille I+II, Bures sur Yvette, France

Corresponding Author

Email: hardt@micro.biol.ethz.ch

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: A. Sturm, M. Heinemann, W. Hardt. Performed the experiments: A. Sturm, M. Arnoldini, M. Benz, J. Dormann. Analyzed the data: A. Sturm, M. Heinemann, M. Arnoldini. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: M. Arnoldini, A. Benecke, M. Ackermann. Wrote the paper: A. Sturm, W. Hardt.