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Protecting against Pneumococcal Disease: Critical Interactions between Probiotics and the Airway Microbiome

  • Paul V. Licciardi mail,

    paul.licciardi@mcri.edu.au

    Affiliations: Pneumococcal Research, Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne, Australia, Allergy and Immune Disorders, Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne, Australia

    X
  • Zheng Quan Toh,

    Affiliation: Pneumococcal Research, Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne, Australia

    X
  • Eileen Dunne,

    Affiliation: Pneumococcal Research, Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne, Australia

    X
  • Sook-San Wong,

    Affiliation: Pneumococcal Research, Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne, Australia

    X
  • Edward K. Mulholland,

    Affiliations: Pneumococcal Research, Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne, Australia, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom, Menzies School of Health Research, Darwin, Australia

    X
  • Mimi Tang,

    Affiliations: Allergy and Immune Disorders, Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne, Australia, Allergy and Immunology, Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne, Australia, Department of Paediatrics, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia

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  • Roy M. Robins-Browne,

    Affiliations: Department of Microbiology and Immunology, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia, Infectious Diseases and Microbiology, Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne, Australia

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  • Catherine Satzke

    Affiliations: Pneumococcal Research, Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne, Australia, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia, Infectious Diseases and Microbiology, Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne, Australia

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  • Published: June 07, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1002652

About the Authors

Paul V. Licciardi, Zheng Quan Toh, Eileen Dunne, Sook-San Wong, Edward K. Mulholland, Catherine Satzke
Pneumococcal Research, Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne, Australia
Paul V. Licciardi, Mimi Tang
Allergy and Immune Disorders, Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne, Australia
Edward K. Mulholland
London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
Edward K. Mulholland
Menzies School of Health Research, Darwin, Australia
Mimi Tang
Allergy and Immunology, Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne, Australia
Mimi Tang
Department of Paediatrics, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia
Roy M. Robins-Browne, Catherine Satzke
Department of Microbiology and Immunology, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia
Roy M. Robins-Browne, Catherine Satzke
Infectious Diseases and Microbiology, Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne, Australia

Corresponding Author

Email: paul.licciardi@mcri.edu.au

Competing Interests

I have read the journal's policy and have the following conflicts: MT is chairman of the Asia Pacific Immunoglobulins in Immunology Expert Group (APIIEG), which is supported by CSL Ltd and is a member of the Nestle Nutrition Institute Medical Advisory Board, Australia/New Zealand. All other authors declare they have no conflicts of interest.