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Research Article

Evolutionary Reconstructions of the Transferrin Receptor of Caniforms Supports Canine Parvovirus Being a Re-emerged and Not a Novel Pathogen in Dogs

  • Jason T. Kaelber,

    Affiliation: Baker Institute for Animal Health, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, United States of America

    Current address: Department of Molecular Virology & Microbiology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas, United States of America

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  • Ann Demogines,

    Affiliation: Section of Molecular Genetics and Microbiology, Institute for Cellular and Molecular Biology, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas, United States of America

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  • Carole E. Harbison,

    Affiliation: Baker Institute for Animal Health, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, United States of America

    Current address: Division of Comparative Pathology, New England Primate Research Center, Harvard Medical School, Southborough, Massachusetts, United States of America

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  • Andrew B. Allison,

    Affiliation: Baker Institute for Animal Health, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, United States of America

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  • Laura B. Goodman,

    Affiliation: Baker Institute for Animal Health, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, United States of America

    Current address: Department of Population Medicine and Diagnostic Sciences, and Animal Health Diagnostic Center, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, United States of America

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  • Alicia N. Ortega,

    Affiliation: Baker Institute for Animal Health, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, United States of America

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  • Sara L. Sawyer,

    Affiliation: Section of Molecular Genetics and Microbiology, Institute for Cellular and Molecular Biology, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas, United States of America

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  • Colin R. Parrish mail

    crp3@cornell.edu

    Affiliation: Baker Institute for Animal Health, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, United States of America

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  • Published: May 03, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1002666

About the Authors

Jason T. Kaelber, Carole E. Harbison, Andrew B. Allison, Laura B. Goodman, Alicia N. Ortega, Colin R. Parrish
Baker Institute for Animal Health, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, United States of America
Ann Demogines, Sara L. Sawyer
Section of Molecular Genetics and Microbiology, Institute for Cellular and Molecular Biology, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: crp3@cornell.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: JTK AD SLS CRP. Performed the experiments: JTK AD CEH ABA LBG ANO. Analyzed the data: JTK AD LBG ANO SLS CRP. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: JTK AD CEH ABA LBG SLS CRP. Wrote the paper: JTK AD SLS CRP.