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Research Article

Identification and Functional Analysis of the S-Layer Protein SplA of Paenibacillus larvae, the Causative Agent of American Foulbrood of Honey Bees

  • Lena Poppinga,

    Affiliation: Institute for Bee Research, Department of Molecular Bee Pathology, Hohen Neuendorf, Germany

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  • Bettina Janesch,

    Affiliation: Department für NanoBiotechnologie, NanoGlycobiology, Universität für Bodenkultur Wien, Wien, Austria

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  • Anne Fünfhaus,

    Affiliation: Institute for Bee Research, Department of Molecular Bee Pathology, Hohen Neuendorf, Germany

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  • Gerhard Sekot,

    Affiliation: Department für NanoBiotechnologie, NanoGlycobiology, Universität für Bodenkultur Wien, Wien, Austria

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  • Eva Garcia-Gonzalez,

    Affiliation: Institute for Bee Research, Department of Molecular Bee Pathology, Hohen Neuendorf, Germany

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  • Gillian Hertlein,

    Affiliation: Institute for Bee Research, Department of Molecular Bee Pathology, Hohen Neuendorf, Germany

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  • Kati Hedtke,

    Affiliation: Institute for Bee Research, Department of Molecular Bee Pathology, Hohen Neuendorf, Germany

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  • Christina Schäffer,

    Affiliation: Department für NanoBiotechnologie, NanoGlycobiology, Universität für Bodenkultur Wien, Wien, Austria

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  • Elke Genersch mail

    elke.genersch@rz.hu-berlin.de

    Affiliation: Institute for Bee Research, Department of Molecular Bee Pathology, Hohen Neuendorf, Germany

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  • Published: May 17, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1002716

About the Authors

Lena Poppinga, Anne Fünfhaus, Eva Garcia-Gonzalez, Gillian Hertlein, Kati Hedtke, Elke Genersch
Institute for Bee Research, Department of Molecular Bee Pathology, Hohen Neuendorf, Germany
Bettina Janesch, Gerhard Sekot, Christina Schäffer
Department für NanoBiotechnologie, NanoGlycobiology, Universität für Bodenkultur Wien, Wien, Austria

Corresponding Author

Email: elke.genersch@rz.hu-berlin.de

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: CS EG. Performed the experiments: LP BJ AF GS EGG GH KH. Analyzed the data: LP CS EG. Wrote the paper: LP CS EG.