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Research Article

Interferon-alpha Subtype 11 Activates NK Cells and Enables Control of Retroviral Infection

  • Kathrin Gibbert,

    Affiliation: Institute for Virology of the University Hospital in Essen, University of Duisburg-Essen, Essen, Germany

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  • Jara J. Joedicke,

    Affiliation: Institute for Virology of the University Hospital in Essen, University of Duisburg-Essen, Essen, Germany

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  • Andreas Meryk,

    Affiliation: Institute for Immunology of the University Hospital in Essen, University of Duisburg-Essen, Essen, Germany

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  • Mirko Trilling,

    Affiliation: Institute for Virology of the University Hospital in Essen, University of Duisburg-Essen, Essen, Germany

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  • Sandra Francois,

    Affiliation: Institute for Virology of the University Hospital in Essen, University of Duisburg-Essen, Essen, Germany

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  • Janine Duppach,

    Affiliation: Institute for Virology of the University Hospital in Essen, University of Duisburg-Essen, Essen, Germany

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  • Anke Kraft,

    Affiliation: Institute for Virology of the University Hospital in Essen, University of Duisburg-Essen, Essen, Germany

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  • Karl S. Lang,

    Affiliation: Institute for Immunology of the University Hospital in Essen, University of Duisburg-Essen, Essen, Germany

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  • Ulf Dittmer mail

    ulf.dittmer@uni-due.de

    Affiliation: Institute for Virology of the University Hospital in Essen, University of Duisburg-Essen, Essen, Germany

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  • Published: August 09, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1002868

About the Authors

Kathrin Gibbert, Jara J. Joedicke, Mirko Trilling, Sandra Francois, Janine Duppach, Anke Kraft, Ulf Dittmer
Institute for Virology of the University Hospital in Essen, University of Duisburg-Essen, Essen, Germany
Andreas Meryk, Karl S. Lang
Institute for Immunology of the University Hospital in Essen, University of Duisburg-Essen, Essen, Germany

Corresponding Author

Email: ulf.dittmer@uni-due.de

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: KG UD. Performed the experiments: KG JJJ AM SF JD AK KSL. Analyzed the data: KG JJJ MT UD. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: KSL. Wrote the paper: KG UD.