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Research Article

Seasonal Pulses of Marburg Virus Circulation in Juvenile Rousettus aegyptiacus Bats Coincide with Periods of Increased Risk of Human Infection

  • Brian R. Amman,

    Affiliation: Viral Special Pathogens Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

    X
  • Serena A. Carroll,

    Affiliation: Viral Special Pathogens Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

    X
  • Zachary D. Reed,

    Affiliation: Viral Special Pathogens Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

    X
  • Tara K. Sealy,

    Affiliation: Viral Special Pathogens Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

    X
  • Stephen Balinandi,

    Affiliation: Viral Special Pathogens Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

    X
  • Robert Swanepoel,

    Affiliation: National Institute of Communicable Diseases, Special Pathogens Unit, Johannesburg, South Africa

    Current address: Zoonoses Research Unit, Department of Medical Virology, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa

    X
  • Alan Kemp,

    Affiliation: National Institute of Communicable Diseases, Special Pathogens Unit, Johannesburg, South Africa

    X
  • Bobbie Rae Erickson,

    Affiliation: Viral Special Pathogens Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

    X
  • James A. Comer,

    Affiliation: Viral Special Pathogens Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

    X
  • Shelley Campbell,

    Affiliation: Viral Special Pathogens Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

    X
  • Deborah L. Cannon,

    Affiliation: Viral Special Pathogens Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

    X
  • Marina L. Khristova,

    Affiliation: Biotechnology Core Facility Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

    X
  • Patrick Atimnedi,

    Affiliation: Uganda Wildlife Authority, Kampala, Republic of Uganda

    X
  • Christopher D. Paddock,

    Affiliation: Infectious Disease Pathology Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

    X
  • Rebekah J. Kent Crockett,

    Affiliation: Division of Vector-borne Diseases, Arbovirus Diseases Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

    X
  • Timothy D. Flietstra,

    Affiliation: Viral Special Pathogens Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

    X
  • Kelly L. Warfield,

    Affiliation: Integrated BioTherapeutics, Gaithersburg, Maryland, United States of America

    X
  • Robert Unfer,

    Affiliation: Integrated BioTherapeutics, Gaithersburg, Maryland, United States of America

    X
  • Edward Katongole-Mbidde,

    Affiliation: Uganda Virus Research Institute, Entebbe, Republic of Uganda

    X
  • Robert Downing,

    Affiliation: Global AIDS Program, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

    X
  • Jordan W. Tappero,

    Affiliation: Global AIDS Program, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

    X
  • Sherif R. Zaki,

    Affiliation: Infectious Disease Pathology Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

    X
  • Pierre E. Rollin,

    Affiliation: Viral Special Pathogens Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

    X
  • Thomas G. Ksiazek,

    Affiliation: Viral Special Pathogens Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

    Current address: Galveston National Lab, Department of Pathology, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas, United States of America

    X
  • Stuart T. Nichol,

    Affiliation: Viral Special Pathogens Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

    X
  • Jonathan S. Towner mail

    jit8@cdc.gov

    Affiliation: Viral Special Pathogens Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

    X
  • Published: October 04, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1002877

About the Authors

Brian R. Amman, Serena A. Carroll, Zachary D. Reed, Tara K. Sealy, Stephen Balinandi, Bobbie Rae Erickson, James A. Comer, Shelley Campbell, Deborah L. Cannon, Timothy D. Flietstra, Pierre E. Rollin, Thomas G. Ksiazek, Stuart T. Nichol, Jonathan S. Towner
Viral Special Pathogens Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America
Robert Swanepoel, Alan Kemp
National Institute of Communicable Diseases, Special Pathogens Unit, Johannesburg, South Africa
Marina L. Khristova
Biotechnology Core Facility Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America
Patrick Atimnedi
Uganda Wildlife Authority, Kampala, Republic of Uganda
Christopher D. Paddock, Sherif R. Zaki
Infectious Disease Pathology Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America
Rebekah J. Kent Crockett
Division of Vector-borne Diseases, Arbovirus Diseases Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America
Kelly L. Warfield, Robert Unfer
Integrated BioTherapeutics, Gaithersburg, Maryland, United States of America
Edward Katongole-Mbidde
Uganda Virus Research Institute, Entebbe, Republic of Uganda
Robert Downing, Jordan W. Tappero
Global AIDS Program, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: jit8@cdc.gov

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: BRA SAC PER STN JST. Performed the experiments: BRA SAC ZDR TKS SB RS AK BRE JAC SC DLC MLK PA CDP RJKC TDF KLW RU EKM RD JWT SRZ PER TGK STN JST. Analyzed the data: BRA SAC ZDR TKS RS AK BRE JAC SC DLC MLK CDP RJKC TDF SRZ PER TGK STN JST. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: BRA SAC ZDR TKS SB RS AK JAC SC DLC MLK PA CDP RJKC TDF KLW RU EKM RD JWT SRZ PER TGK STN JST. Wrote the paper: BRA SAC PER STN JST.