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Research Article

Genome Analyses of an Aggressive and Invasive Lineage of the Irish Potato Famine Pathogen

  • David E. L. Cooke equal contributor mail,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: David E. L. Cooke, Liliana M. Cano

    david.cooke@hutton.ac.uk (DELC); sophien.kamoun@tsl.ac.uk (SK)

    Affiliation: The James Hutton Institute, Invergowrie, Dundee, United Kingdom

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  • Liliana M. Cano equal contributor,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: David E. L. Cooke, Liliana M. Cano

    Affiliation: The Sainsbury Laboratory, Norwich Research Park, Norwich, United Kingdom

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  • Sylvain Raffaele,

    Affiliation: The Sainsbury Laboratory, Norwich Research Park, Norwich, United Kingdom

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  • Ruairidh A. Bain,

    Affiliation: SAC, Edinburgh, United Kingdom

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  • Louise R. Cooke,

    Affiliation: Agri-Food and Biosciences Institute, Belfast, United Kingdom

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  • Graham J. Etherington,

    Affiliation: The Sainsbury Laboratory, Norwich Research Park, Norwich, United Kingdom

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  • Kenneth L. Deahl,

    Affiliation: USDA-ARS/PSI-GIFVL, BARC-West, Beltsville, Maryland, United States of America

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  • Rhys A. Farrer,

    Affiliation: The Sainsbury Laboratory, Norwich Research Park, Norwich, United Kingdom

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  • Eleanor M. Gilroy,

    Affiliation: The James Hutton Institute, Invergowrie, Dundee, United Kingdom

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  • Erica M. Goss,

    Affiliations: Horticultural Crops Research Laboratory, USDA ARS, Corvallis, Oregon, United States of America, Emerging Pathogens Institute & Department of Plant Pathology, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, United States of America

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  • Niklaus J. Grünwald,

    Affiliation: Horticultural Crops Research Laboratory, USDA ARS, Corvallis, Oregon, United States of America

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  • Ingo Hein,

    Affiliation: The James Hutton Institute, Invergowrie, Dundee, United Kingdom

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  • Daniel MacLean,

    Affiliation: The Sainsbury Laboratory, Norwich Research Park, Norwich, United Kingdom

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  • James W. McNicol,

    Affiliation: Biomathematics and Statistics Scotland, The James Hutton Institute, Invergowrie, Dundee, United Kingdom

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  • Eva Randall,

    Affiliation: The James Hutton Institute, Invergowrie, Dundee, United Kingdom

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  • Ricardo F. Oliva,

    Affiliations: The Sainsbury Laboratory, Norwich Research Park, Norwich, United Kingdom, Escuela Politecnica del Ejercito, Sangolquí, Ecuador

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  • Mathieu A. Pel,

    Affiliation: Wageningen UR Plant Breeding, Wageningen, The Netherlands

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  • David S. Shaw,

    Affiliation: The Sarvari Research Trust, Henfaes Research Centre, Abergwyngregyn, Llanfairfechan, United Kingdom

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  • Julie N. Squires,

    Affiliation: The James Hutton Institute, Invergowrie, Dundee, United Kingdom

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  • Moray C. Taylor,

    Affiliation: Food and Environment Research Agency, Sand Hutton, York, United Kingdom

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  • Vivianne G. A. A. Vleeshouwers,

    Affiliation: Wageningen UR Plant Breeding, Wageningen, The Netherlands

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  • Paul R. J. Birch,

    Affiliations: The James Hutton Institute, Invergowrie, Dundee, United Kingdom, Division of Plant Sciences, College of Life Sciences, University of Dundee at The James Hutton Institute, Invergowrie, Dundee, United Kingdom

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  • Alison K. Lees,

    Affiliation: The James Hutton Institute, Invergowrie, Dundee, United Kingdom

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  • Sophien Kamoun mail

    david.cooke@hutton.ac.uk (DELC); sophien.kamoun@tsl.ac.uk (SK)

    Affiliation: The Sainsbury Laboratory, Norwich Research Park, Norwich, United Kingdom

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  • Published: October 04, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1002940

About the Authors

David E. L. Cooke, Eleanor M. Gilroy, Ingo Hein, Eva Randall, Julie N. Squires, Paul R. J. Birch, Alison K. Lees
The James Hutton Institute, Invergowrie, Dundee, United Kingdom
Liliana M. Cano, Sylvain Raffaele, Graham J. Etherington, Rhys A. Farrer, Daniel MacLean, Ricardo F. Oliva, Sophien Kamoun
The Sainsbury Laboratory, Norwich Research Park, Norwich, United Kingdom
Ruairidh A. Bain
SAC, Edinburgh, United Kingdom
Louise R. Cooke
Agri-Food and Biosciences Institute, Belfast, United Kingdom
Kenneth L. Deahl
USDA-ARS/PSI-GIFVL, BARC-West, Beltsville, Maryland, United States of America
Erica M. Goss, Niklaus J. Grünwald
Horticultural Crops Research Laboratory, USDA ARS, Corvallis, Oregon, United States of America
Erica M. Goss
Emerging Pathogens Institute & Department of Plant Pathology, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, United States of America
James W. McNicol
Biomathematics and Statistics Scotland, The James Hutton Institute, Invergowrie, Dundee, United Kingdom
Ricardo F. Oliva
Escuela Politecnica del Ejercito, Sangolquí, Ecuador
Mathieu A. Pel, Vivianne G. A. A. Vleeshouwers
Wageningen UR Plant Breeding, Wageningen, The Netherlands
David S. Shaw
The Sarvari Research Trust, Henfaes Research Centre, Abergwyngregyn, Llanfairfechan, United Kingdom
Moray C. Taylor
Food and Environment Research Agency, Sand Hutton, York, United Kingdom
Paul R. J. Birch
Division of Plant Sciences, College of Life Sciences, University of Dundee at The James Hutton Institute, Invergowrie, Dundee, United Kingdom

Corresponding Authors

Competing Interests

R.F. Oliva and S. Kamoun have received funding from BASF Plant Science. This does not alter our adherence to all PLoS Pathogens policies on sharing data and materials.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: D. Cooke, L. Cano, S. Rafaelle, R. Bain, R. Farrer, E. Gilroy, R. Oliva, P. Birch, A. Lees, S. Kamoun. Performed the experiments: D. Cooke, L. Cano, S. Rafaelle, R. Farrer, E. Gilroy, I. Hein, E. Randall, R. Oliva, J. Squires, A. Lees, S. Kamoun. Analyzed the data: D. Cooke, L. Cano, S. Rafaelle, L. Cooke, K. Deahl, R. Farrer, E. Gilroy, E. Goss, N. Grünwald, J. McNicol, R. Oliva, D. Shaw, J. Squires, A. Lees, S. Kamoun. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: L. Cooke, K. Deahl, R. Farrer, E. Goss, N. Grünwald, I. Hein, G. Etherington, D. MacLean, R. Oliva, M. Pel, D. Shaw, M. Taylor, V. Vleeshouwers. Wrote the paper: D. Cooke, L. Cano, S. Rafaelle, P. Birch, A. Lees, S. Kamoun. Contributed equally as first authors: D. Cooke, L. Cano.