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Research Article

Comparative Pathogenomics Reveals Horizontally Acquired Novel Virulence Genes in Fungi Infecting Cereal Hosts

  • Donald M. Gardiner mail,

    donald.gardiner@csiro.au

    Affiliation: Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization (CSIRO) Plant Industry, Queensland Bioscience Precinct, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia

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  • Megan C. McDonald,

    Affiliation: Plant Pathology, Institute of Integrative Biology, ETH Zurich, Zürich, Switzerland

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  • Lorenzo Covarelli,

    Affiliations: Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization (CSIRO) Plant Industry, Queensland Bioscience Precinct, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia, Dipartimento di Scienze Agrarie e Ambientali, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Perugia, Forgo XX Giugno, Perugia, Italy

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  • Peter S. Solomon,

    Affiliation: Research School of Biology, College of Medicine, Biology and Environment, The Australian National University, Canberra, Australia

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  • Anca G. Rusu,

    Affiliation: Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization (CSIRO) Plant Industry, Queensland Bioscience Precinct, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia

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  • Mhairi Marshall,

    Affiliation: Queensland Facility for Advanced Bioinformatics, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia

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  • Kemal Kazan,

    Affiliation: Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization (CSIRO) Plant Industry, Queensland Bioscience Precinct, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia

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  • Sukumar Chakraborty,

    Affiliation: Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization (CSIRO) Plant Industry, Queensland Bioscience Precinct, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia

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  • Bruce A. McDonald,

    Affiliation: Plant Pathology, Institute of Integrative Biology, ETH Zurich, Zürich, Switzerland

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  • John M. Manners

    Affiliation: Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization (CSIRO) Plant Industry, Queensland Bioscience Precinct, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia

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  • Published: September 27, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1002952

About the Authors

Donald M. Gardiner, Lorenzo Covarelli, Anca G. Rusu, Kemal Kazan, Sukumar Chakraborty, John M. Manners
Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization (CSIRO) Plant Industry, Queensland Bioscience Precinct, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
Megan C. McDonald, Bruce A. McDonald
Plant Pathology, Institute of Integrative Biology, ETH Zurich, Zürich, Switzerland
Lorenzo Covarelli
Dipartimento di Scienze Agrarie e Ambientali, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Perugia, Forgo XX Giugno, Perugia, Italy
Peter S. Solomon
Research School of Biology, College of Medicine, Biology and Environment, The Australian National University, Canberra, Australia
Mhairi Marshall
Queensland Facility for Advanced Bioinformatics, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia

Corresponding Author

Email: donald.gardiner@csiro.au

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: DMG JMM KK SC PSS. Performed the experiments: DMG AGR PSS LC MCM. Analyzed the data: DMG MCM PSS JMM BAM KK. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: MM BAM. Wrote the paper: DMG KK BAM JMM. Computational analysis: DMG MM.