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Research Article

Toxin-Antitoxin Systems Are Important for Niche-Specific Colonization and Stress Resistance of Uropathogenic Escherichia coli

  • J. Paul Norton,
  • Matthew A. Mulvey mail

    mulvey@path.utah.edu

    Affiliation: Division of Microbiology and Immunology, Pathology Department, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City, Utah, United States of America

    X
  • Published: October 04, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1002954

About the Authors

Matthew A. Mulvey
Division of Microbiology and Immunology, Pathology Department, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City, Utah, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: mulvey@path.utah.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: MAM JPN. Performed the experiments: JPN. Analyzed the data: MAM JPN. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: MAM JPN. Wrote the paper: MAM JPN.