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Research Article

Toll-Like Receptor 8 Ligands Activate a Vitamin D Mediated Autophagic Response that Inhibits Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1

  • Grant R. Campbell,

    Affiliation: Department of Pediatrics, Division of Infectious Diseases, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, California, United States of America

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  • Stephen A. Spector mail

    saspector@ucsd.edu

    Affiliations: Department of Pediatrics, Division of Infectious Diseases, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, California, United States of America, Rady Children's Hospital, San Diego, California, United States of America

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  • Published: November 15, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1003017

About the Authors

Grant R. Campbell, Stephen A. Spector
Department of Pediatrics, Division of Infectious Diseases, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, California, United States of America
Stephen A. Spector
Rady Children's Hospital, San Diego, California, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: saspector@ucsd.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: GRC SAS. Performed the experiments: GRC. Analyzed the data: GRC SAS. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: SAS. Wrote the paper: GRC SAS.