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Research Article

Bacterial Colonization of Host Cells in the Absence of Cholesterol

  • Stacey D. Gilk,

    Affiliation: Coxiella Pathogenesis Section, Rocky Mountain Laboratories, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Hamilton, Montana, United States of America

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  • Diane C. Cockrell,

    Affiliation: Coxiella Pathogenesis Section, Rocky Mountain Laboratories, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Hamilton, Montana, United States of America

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  • Courtney Luterbach,

    Affiliation: Salmonella-Host Cell Interactions Section, Laboratory of Intracellular Parasites, Rocky Mountain Laboratories, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Hamilton, Montana, United States of America

    Current address: Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States of America.

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  • Bryan Hansen,

    Affiliation: Microscopy Unit, Research Technology Branch, Rocky Mountain Laboratories, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Hamilton, Montana, United States of America

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  • Leigh A. Knodler,

    Affiliation: Salmonella-Host Cell Interactions Section, Laboratory of Intracellular Parasites, Rocky Mountain Laboratories, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Hamilton, Montana, United States of America

    Current address: Paul G. Allen School for Global Animal Health, Washington State University, Pullman, Washington, United States of America.

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  • J. Antonio Ibarra,

    Affiliation: Salmonella-Host Cell Interactions Section, Laboratory of Intracellular Parasites, Rocky Mountain Laboratories, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Hamilton, Montana, United States of America

    Current address: Department of Cell Biology, Microbiology, and Molecular Biology, University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida, United States of America.

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  • Olivia Steele-Mortimer,

    Affiliation: Salmonella-Host Cell Interactions Section, Laboratory of Intracellular Parasites, Rocky Mountain Laboratories, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Hamilton, Montana, United States of America

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  • Robert A. Heinzen mail

    rheinzen@niaid.nih.gov

    Affiliation: Coxiella Pathogenesis Section, Rocky Mountain Laboratories, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Hamilton, Montana, United States of America

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  • Published: January 24, 2013
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1003107

About the Authors

Stacey D. Gilk, Diane C. Cockrell, Robert A. Heinzen
Coxiella Pathogenesis Section, Rocky Mountain Laboratories, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Hamilton, Montana, United States of America
Courtney Luterbach, Leigh A. Knodler, J. Antonio Ibarra, Olivia Steele-Mortimer
Salmonella-Host Cell Interactions Section, Laboratory of Intracellular Parasites, Rocky Mountain Laboratories, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Hamilton, Montana, United States of America
Bryan Hansen
Microscopy Unit, Research Technology Branch, Rocky Mountain Laboratories, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Hamilton, Montana, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: rheinzen@niaid.nih.gov

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: SDG LAK RAH. Performed the experiments: SDG DCC CL BH LAK. Analyzed the data: SDG CL LAK OSM RAH. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: JAI. Wrote the paper: SDG RAH.