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Research Article

Yersinia pestis DNA from Skeletal Remains from the 6th Century AD Reveals Insights into Justinianic Plague

  • Michaela Harbeck mail,

    M.Harbeck@lrz.uni-muenchen.de (MH); holger1scholz@bundeswehr.org (HCS); bramanti@uni-mainz.de (BB)

    Affiliation: State Collection for Anthropology and Palaeoanatomy, Munich, Germany

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  • Lisa Seifert,

    Affiliation: Department Biology I, Anthropology and Human Genetics, Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, Martinsried, Germany

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  • Stephanie Hänsch,

    Affiliations: Institute for Anthropology, Johannes Gutenberg University, Mainz, Germany, Centre for Ecological and Evolutionary Synthesis (CEES), Department of Biosciences, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway

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  • David M. Wagner,

    Affiliation: Center for Microbial Genetics and Genomics, Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, Arizona, United States of America

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  • Dawn Birdsell,

    Affiliation: Center for Microbial Genetics and Genomics, Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, Arizona, United States of America

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  • Katy L. Parise,

    Affiliation: Center for Microbial Genetics and Genomics, Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, Arizona, United States of America

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  • Ingrid Wiechmann,

    Affiliation: Institute of Palaeoanatomy, Domestication Research and the History of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Veterinary Sciences, Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, Munich, Germany

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  • Gisela Grupe,

    Affiliations: State Collection for Anthropology and Palaeoanatomy, Munich, Germany, Department Biology I, Anthropology and Human Genetics, Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, Martinsried, Germany

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  • Astrid Thomas,

    Affiliation: Bundeswehr Institute of Microbiology, Munich, Germany

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  • Paul Keim,

    Affiliation: Centre for Ecological and Evolutionary Synthesis (CEES), Department of Biosciences, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway

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  • Lothar Zöller,

    Affiliation: Bundeswehr Institute of Microbiology, Munich, Germany

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  • Barbara Bramanti mail,

    M.Harbeck@lrz.uni-muenchen.de (MH); holger1scholz@bundeswehr.org (HCS); bramanti@uni-mainz.de (BB)

    Affiliations: Institute for Anthropology, Johannes Gutenberg University, Mainz, Germany, Centre for Ecological and Evolutionary Synthesis (CEES), Department of Biosciences, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway

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  • Julia M. Riehm,

    Affiliation: Bundeswehr Institute of Microbiology, Munich, Germany

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  • Holger C. Scholz mail

    M.Harbeck@lrz.uni-muenchen.de (MH); holger1scholz@bundeswehr.org (HCS); bramanti@uni-mainz.de (BB)

    Affiliation: Bundeswehr Institute of Microbiology, Munich, Germany

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  • Published: May 02, 2013
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1003349

About the Authors

Michaela Harbeck, Gisela Grupe
State Collection for Anthropology and Palaeoanatomy, Munich, Germany
Lisa Seifert, Gisela Grupe
Department Biology I, Anthropology and Human Genetics, Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, Martinsried, Germany
Stephanie Hänsch, Barbara Bramanti
Institute for Anthropology, Johannes Gutenberg University, Mainz, Germany
Stephanie Hänsch, Paul Keim, Barbara Bramanti
Centre for Ecological and Evolutionary Synthesis (CEES), Department of Biosciences, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
David M. Wagner, Dawn Birdsell, Katy L. Parise
Center for Microbial Genetics and Genomics, Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, Arizona, United States of America
Ingrid Wiechmann
Institute of Palaeoanatomy, Domestication Research and the History of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Veterinary Sciences, Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, Munich, Germany
Astrid Thomas, Lothar Zöller, Julia M. Riehm, Holger C. Scholz
Bundeswehr Institute of Microbiology, Munich, Germany

Corresponding Authors

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: MH IW JMR HCS BB DMW. Performed the experiments: DB LS SH KLP AT. Analyzed the data: MH LS SH IW DB BB JMR HCS DMW. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: MH IW GG PK LZ BB HCS. Wrote the paper: MH DMW JMR HCS. Supervised the work and gave conceptual advice: LZ PK GG DMW. Discussed the results and commented at the manuscript at all stages: LS SH IW DMW.