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Research Article

Francisella tularensis Harvests Nutrients Derived via ATG5-Independent Autophagy to Support Intracellular Growth

  • Shaun Steele equal contributor,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Shaun Steele, Jason Brunton

    Affiliation: Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States of America

    X
  • Jason Brunton equal contributor,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Shaun Steele, Jason Brunton

    Affiliation: Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States of America

    X
  • Benjamin Ziehr,

    Affiliation: Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States of America

    X
  • Sharon Taft-Benz,

    Affiliation: Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States of America

    X
  • Nathaniel Moorman,

    Affiliation: Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States of America

    X
  • Thomas Kawula mail

    Kawula@med.unc.edu

    Affiliation: Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States of America

    X
  • Published: August 15, 2013
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1003562

About the Authors

Shaun Steele, Jason Brunton, Benjamin Ziehr, Sharon Taft-Benz, Nathaniel Moorman, Thomas Kawula
Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: Kawula@med.unc.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: SS JB NM TK. Performed the experiments: SS JB BZ STB. Analyzed the data: SS JB BZ STB NM TK. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: TK NM. Wrote the paper: SS JB TK.