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Table of Contents: October 2013

COVER

African trypanosomes swim in the liver sinusoids and interact with immune myeloid cells.

Image Credit: Gilles Vanwalleghem, David Monteyne, Etienne Pays, and David Pérez-Morga (Laboratory of Molecular Parasitology, Institut de Biologie Moléculaire et Médicale [IBMM], and Center for Microscopy and Molecular Imaging [CMMI], Université Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium).
Issue Image

A false-colored scanning electron microscopy image shows the parasite Trypanosoma brucei (blue; length of 15 micrometers) and innate immune myeloid cells (brown), in the hepatic vessels of an infected mouse. The parasites manipulate the myeloid cells in order to get nutrients required for their own growth. Trypanosomes are responsible for human sleeping sickness, a lethal disease in Africa. See De Muylder et al.

Opinion

Pearls

Bats and Viruses: Friend or Foe?

James W. Wynne, Lin-Fa Wang

Streptococcus mutans, Candida albicans, and the Human Mouth: A Sticky Situation

Khalid H. Metwalli, Shariq A. Khan, Bastiaan P. Krom, Mary Ann Jabra-Rizk

RNA Biology in Fungal Phytopathogens

Vera Göhre, Carl Haag, Michael Feldbrügge

The Cell Biology of Leishmania: How to Teach Using Animations

Dirceu E. Teixeira, Marlene Benchimol, Juliany C. F. Rodrigues, Paulo H. Crepaldi, Paulo F. P. Pimenta, Wanderley de Souza

Dengue Vaccines: Strongly Sought but Not a Reality Just Yet

Rosa María del Angel, Jorge Reyes-del Valle

Feeding Uninvited Guests: mTOR and AMPK Set the Table for Intracellular Pathogens

Jason Brunton, Shaun Steele, Benjamin Ziehr, Nathaniel Moorman, Thomas Kawula

Review

Protein Trafficking through the Endosomal System Prepares Intracellular Parasites for a Home Invasion

Stanislas Tomavo, Christian Slomianny, Markus Meissner, Vern B. Carruthers

Research Articles

Transcriptional Regulation of Culex pipiens Mosquitoes by Wolbachia Influences Cytoplasmic Incompatibility

Sofia B. Pinto, Kirsty Stainton, Simon Harris, Zakaria Kambris, Elizabeth R. Sutton, Michael B. Bonsall, Julian Parkhill, Steven P. Sinkins

Parvoviruses Cause Nuclear Envelope Breakdown by Activating Key Enzymes of Mitosis

Manvi Porwal, Sarah Cohen, Kenza Snoussi, Ruth Popa-Wagner, Fenja Anderson, Nathalie Dugot-Senant, Harald Wodrich, Christiane Dinsart, Jürgen A. Kleinschmidt, Nelly Panté, Michael Kann

Epigenetic Dominance of Prion Conformers

Eri Saijo, Hae-Eun Kang, Jifeng Bian, Kristi G. Bowling, Shawn Browning, Sehun Kim, Nora Hunter, Glenn C. Telling

Defective Viral Genomes Arising In Vivo Provide Critical Danger Signals for the Triggering of Lung Antiviral Immunity

Karla Tapia, Won-keun Kim, Yan Sun, Xiomara Mercado-López, Emily Dunay, Megan Wise, Michael Adu, Carolina B. López

Mediated Plastid RNA Editing in Plant Immunity

Javier García-Andrade, Vicente Ramírez, Ana López, Pablo Vera

Structures of B-Lymphotropic Polyomavirus VP1 in Complex with Oligosaccharide Ligands

Ursula Neu, Zaigham Mahmood Khan, Benjamin Schuch, Angelina S. Palma, Yan Liu, Michael Pawlita, Ten Feizi, Thilo Stehle

Bacterial Effector Activates Jasmonate Signaling by Directly Targeting JAZ Transcriptional Repressors

Shushu Jiang, Jian Yao, Ka-Wai Ma, Huanbin Zhou, Jikui Song, Sheng Yang He, Wenbo Ma

DDX24 Negatively Regulates Cytosolic RNA-Mediated Innate Immune Signaling

Zhe Ma, Robert Moore, Xiangxi Xu, Glen N. Barber

Role of Humoral versus Cellular Responses Induced by a Protective Dengue Vaccine Candidate

Raphaël M. Zellweger, Robyn Miller, William E. Eddy, Laura J. White, Robert E. Johnston, Sujan Shresta

A Trypanosoma brucei Kinesin Heavy Chain Promotes Parasite Growth by Triggering Host Arginase Activity

Géraldine De Muylder, Sylvie Daulouède, Laurence Lecordier, Pierrick Uzureau, Yannick Morias, Jan Van Den Abbeele, Guy Caljon, Michel Hérin, Philippe Holzmuller, Silla Semballa, Pierrette Courtois, Luc Vanhamme, Benoît Stijlemans, Patrick De Baetselier, Michael P. Barrett, Jillian L. Barlow, Andrew N. J. McKenzie, Luke Barron, Thomas A. Wynn, Alain Beschin, Philippe Vincendeau, Etienne Pays

Zinc Piracy as a Mechanism of Neisseria meningitidis for Evasion of Nutritional Immunity

Michiel Stork, Jan Grijpstra, Martine P. Bos, Carmen Mañas Torres, Nathalie Devos, Jan T. Poolman, Walter J. Chazin, Jan Tommassen

Mycobacterium tuberculosis Type VII Secreted Effector EsxH Targets Host ESCRT to Impair Trafficking

Alka Mehra, Aleena Zahra, Victor Thompson, Natalie Sirisaengtaksin, Ashley Wells, Maura Porto, Stefan Köster, Kristen Penberthy, Yoshihisha Kubota, Amelie Dricot, Daniel Rogan, Marc Vidal, David E. Hill, Andrew J. Bean, Jennifer A. Philips

Viral Escape from HIV-1 Neutralizing Antibodies Drives Increased Plasma Neutralization Breadth through Sequential Recognition of Multiple Epitopes and Immunotypes

Constantinos Kurt Wibmer, Jinal N. Bhiman, Elin S. Gray, Nancy Tumba, Salim S. Abdool Karim, Carolyn Williamson, Lynn Morris, Penny L. Moore

Hepatitis C Virus-Induced Cytoplasmic Organelles Use the Nuclear Transport Machinery to Establish an Environment Conducive to Virus Replication

Christopher J. Neufeldt, Michael A. Joyce, Aviad Levin, Rineke H. Steenbergen, Daniel Pang, Justin Shields, D. Lorne J. Tyrrell, Richard W. Wozniak

Identification of Novel Target Genes for Safer and More Specific Control of Root-Knot Nematodes from a Pan-Genome Mining

Etienne G. J. Danchin, Marie-Jeanne Arguel, Amandine Campan-Fournier, Laetitia Perfus-Barbeoch, Marc Magliano, Marie-Noëlle Rosso, Martine Da Rocha, Corinne Da Silva, Nicolas Nottet, Karine Labadie, Julie Guy, François Artiguenave, Pierre Abad

IRF-4-Mediated CIITA Transcription Is Blocked by KSHV Encoded LANA to Inhibit MHC II Presentation

Qiliang Cai, Shuvomoy Banerjee, Amanda Cervini, Jie Lu, Andrew D. Hislop, Richard Dzeng, Erle S. Robertson

A Gammaherpesvirus Uses Alternative Splicing to Regulate Its Tropism and Its Sensitivity to Neutralization

Bénédicte Machiels, Philip G. Stevenson, Alain Vanderplasschen, Laurent Gillet

Usp18 Driven Enforced Viral Replication in Dendritic Cells Contributes to Break of Immunological Tolerance in Autoimmune Diabetes

Nadine Honke, Namir Shaabani, Dong-Er Zhang, George Iliakis, Haifeng C. Xu, Dieter Häussinger, Mike Recher, Max Löhning, Philipp A. Lang, Karl S. Lang

IL-4Rα-Associated Antigen Processing by B Cells Promotes Immunity in Nippostrongylus brasiliensis Infection

William G. C. Horsnell, Matthew G. Darby, Jennifer C. Hoving, Natalie Nieuwenhuizen, Henry J. McSorley, Hlumani Ndlovu, Saeeda Bobat, Matti Kimberg, Frank Kirstein, Anthony J. Cutler, Benjamin DeWals, Adam F. Cunningham, Frank Brombacher

Deletion of IL-4 Receptor Alpha on Dendritic Cells Renders BALB/c Mice Hypersusceptible to Leishmania major Infection

Ramona Hurdayal, Natalie E. Nieuwenhuizen, Mélanie Revaz-Breton, Liezel Smith, Jennifer C. Hoving, Suraj P. Parihar, Boris Reizis, Frank Brombacher

ZASC1 Stimulates HIV-1 Transcription Elongation by Recruiting P-TEFb and TAT to the LTR Promoter

James W. Bruce, Rachel Reddington, Elizabeth Mathieu, Megan Bracken, John A. T. Young, Paul Ahlquist

Steroid Hormone Signaling Is Essential to Regulate Innate Immune Cells and Fight Bacterial Infection in Drosophila

Jennifer C. Regan, Ana S. Brandão, Alexandre B. Leitão, Ângela Raquel Mantas Dias, Élio Sucena, António Jacinto, Anna Zaidman-Rémy

Viral Interference with DNA Repair by Targeting of the Single-Stranded DNA Binding Protein RPA

Pubali Banerjee, Rowena deJesus, Ole Gjoerup, Brian S. Schaffhausen

A Structural Basis for BRD2/4-Mediated Host Chromatin Interaction and Oligomer Assembly of Kaposi Sarcoma-Associated Herpesvirus and Murine Gammaherpesvirus LANA Proteins

Jan Hellert, Magdalena Weidner-Glunde, Joern Krausze, Ulrike Richter, Heiko Adler, Roman Fedorov, Marcel Pietrek, Jessica Rückert, Christiane Ritter, Thomas F. Schulz, Thorsten Lührs

Toxoplasma gondii Relies on Both Host and Parasite Isoprenoids and Can Be Rendered Sensitive to Atorvastatin

Zhu-Hong Li, Srinivasan Ramakrishnan, Boris Striepen, Silvia N. J. Moreno

Crystal Structure of the Gamma-2 Herpesvirus LANA DNA Binding Domain Identifies Charged Surface Residues Which Impact Viral Latency

Bruno Correia, Sofia A. Cerqueira, Chantal Beauchemin, Marta Pires de Miranda, Shijun Li, Rajesh Ponnusamy, Lénia Rodrigues, Thomas R. Schneider, Maria A. Carrondo, Kenneth M. Kaye, J. Pedro Simas, Colin E. McVey

Fungal Iron Availability during Deep Seated Candidiasis Is Defined by a Complex Interplay Involving Systemic and Local Events

Joanna Potrykus, David Stead, Donna M. MacCallum, Dagmar S. Urgast, Andrea Raab, Nico van Rooijen, Jörg Feldmann, Alistair J. P. Brown

Ebola Virus RNA Editing Depends on the Primary Editing Site Sequence and an Upstream Secondary Structure

Masfique Mehedi, Thomas Hoenen, Shelly Robertson, Stacy Ricklefs, Michael A. Dolan, Travis Taylor, Darryl Falzarano, Hideki Ebihara, Stephen F. Porcella, Heinz Feldmann

Independent Pathways Can Transduce the Life-Cycle Differentiation Signal in Trypanosoma brucei

Balazs Szöőr, Naomi A. Dyer, Irene Ruberto, Alvaro Acosta-Serrano, Keith R. Matthews

The Microvesicle Component of HIV-1 Inocula Modulates Dendritic Cell Infection and Maturation and Enhances Adhesion to and Activation of T Lymphocytes

Sarah K. Mercier, Heather Donaghy, Rachel A. Botting, Stuart G. Turville, Andrew N. Harman, Najla Nasr, Hong Ji, Ulrike Kusebauch, Luis Mendoza, David Shteynberg, Kerrie Sandgren, Richard J. Simpson, Robert L. Moritz, Anthony L. Cunningham

The Structure of Classical Swine Fever Virus Npro: A Novel Cysteine Autoprotease and Zinc-Binding Protein Involved in Subversion of Type I Interferon Induction

Keerthi Gottipati, Nicolas Ruggli, Markus Gerber, Jon-Duri Tratschin, Matthew Benning, Henry Bellamy, Kyung H. Choi

ISG15 Regulates Peritoneal Macrophages Functionality against Viral Infection

Emilio Yángüez, Alicia García-Culebras, Aldo Frau, Catalina Llompart, Klaus-Peter Knobeloch, Sylvia Gutierrez-Erlandsson, Adolfo García-Sastre, Mariano Esteban, Amelia Nieto, Susana Guerra

Human Cytomegalovirus Latency-Associated Proteins Elicit Immune-Suppressive IL-10 Producing CD4+ T Cells

Gavin M. Mason, Sarah Jackson, Georgina Okecha, Emma Poole, J. G. Patrick Sissons, John Sinclair, Mark R. Wills

Novel Staphylococcal Glycosyltransferases SdgA and SdgB Mediate Immunogenicity and Protection of Virulence-Associated Cell Wall Proteins

Wouter L. W. Hazenbos, Kimberly K. Kajihara, Richard Vandlen, J. Hiroshi Morisaki, Sophie M. Lehar, Mark J. Kwakkenbos, Tim Beaumont, Arjen Q. Bakker, Qui Phung, Lee R. Swem, Satish Ramakrishnan, Janice Kim, Min Xu, Ishita M. Shah, Binh An Diep, Tao Sai, Andrew Sebrell, Yana Khalfin, Angela Oh, Chris Koth, S. Jack Lin, Byoung-Chul Lee, Magnus Strandh, Klaus Koefoed, Peter S. Andersen, Hergen Spits, Eric J. Brown, Man-Wah Tan, Sanjeev Mariathasan

New World Bats Harbor Diverse Influenza A Viruses

Suxiang Tong, Xueyong Zhu, Yan Li, Mang Shi, Jing Zhang, Melissa Bourgeois, Hua Yang, Xianfeng Chen, Sergio Recuenco, Jorge Gomez, Li-Mei Chen, Adam Johnson, Ying Tao, Cyrille Dreyfus, Wenli Yu, Ryan McBride, Paul J. Carney, Amy T. Gilbert, Jessie Chang, Zhu Guo, Charles T. Davis, James C. Paulson, James Stevens, Charles E. Rupprecht, Edward C. Holmes, Ian A. Wilson, Ruben O. Donis

Type I Interferon Upregulates Bak and Contributes to T Cell Loss during Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Infection

Joseph A. Fraietta, Yvonne M. Mueller, Guibin Yang, Alina C. Boesteanu, Donald T. Gracias, Duc H. Do, Jennifer L. Hope, Noshin Kathuria, Shannon E. McGettigan, Mark G. Lewis, Luis D. Giavedoni, Jeffrey M. Jacobson, Peter D. Katsikis

An RxLR Effector from Phytophthora infestans Prevents Re-localisation of Two Plant NAC Transcription Factors from the Endoplasmic Reticulum to the Nucleus

Hazel McLellan, Petra C. Boevink, Miles R. Armstrong, Leighton Pritchard, Sonia Gomez, Juan Morales, Stephen C. Whisson, Jim L. Beynon, Paul R. J. Birch

MAIT Cells Detect and Efficiently Lyse Bacterially-Infected Epithelial Cells

Lionel Le Bourhis, Mathilde Dusseaux, Armelle Bohineust, Stéphanie Bessoles, Emmanuel Martin, Virginie Premel, Maxime Coré, David Sleurs, Nacer-Eddine Serriari, Emmanuel Treiner, Claire Hivroz, Philippe Sansonetti, Marie-Lise Gougeon, Claire Soudais, Olivier Lantz

Crystal Structure of the Hendra Virus Attachment G Glycoprotein Bound to a Potent Cross-Reactive Neutralizing Human Monoclonal Antibody

Kai Xu, Barry Rockx, Yihu Xie, Blair L. DeBuysscher, Deborah L. Fusco, Zhongyu Zhu, Yee-Peng Chan, Yan Xu, Truong Luu, Regina Z. Cer, Heinz Feldmann, Vishwesh Mokashi, Dimiter S. Dimitrov, Kimberly A. Bishop-Lilly, Christopher C. Broder, Dimitar B. Nikolov

A Structure-Guided Mutation in the Major Capsid Protein Retargets BK Polyomavirus

Ursula Neu, Stacy-ann A. Allen, Bärbel S. Blaum, Yan Liu, Martin Frank, Angelina S. Palma, Luisa J. Ströh, Ten Feizi, Thomas Peters, Walter J. Atwood, Thilo Stehle

Structure of a Bimodular Botulinum Neurotoxin Complex Provides Insights into Its Oral Toxicity

Kwangkook Lee, Shenyan Gu, Lei Jin, Thi Tuc Nghi Le, Luisa W. Cheng, Jasmin Strotmeier, Anna Magdalena Kruel, Guorui Yao, Kay Perry, Andreas Rummel, Rongsheng Jin

Prospective Antiretroviral Treatment of Asymptomatic, HIV-1 Infected Controllers

Hiroyu Hatano, Steven A. Yukl, April L. Ferre, Erin H. Graf, Ma Somsouk, Elizabeth Sinclair, Mohamed Abdel-Mohsen, Teri Liegler, Kara Harvill, Rebecca Hoh, Sarah Palmer, Peter Bacchetti, Peter W. Hunt, Jeffrey N. Martin, Joseph M. McCune, Russell P. Tracy, Michael P. Busch, Una O'Doherty, Barbara L. Shacklett, Joseph K. Wong, Steven G. Deeks

Activation of the Cph1-Dependent MAP Kinase Signaling Pathway Induces White-Opaque Switching in Candida albicans

Bernardo Ramírez-Zavala, Michael Weyler, Tsvia Gildor, Christian Schmauch, Daniel Kornitzer, Robert Arkowitz, Joachim Morschhäuser

MicroRNA-155 Promotes Autophagy to Eliminate Intracellular Mycobacteria by Targeting Rheb

Jinli Wang, Kun Yang, Lin Zhou, MinhaoWu, Yongjian Wu, Min Zhu, XiaoMin Lai, Tao Chen, Lianqiang Feng, Meiyu Li, Chunyu Huang, Qiu Zhong, Xi Huang

Dual Function of CD81 in Influenza Virus Uncoating and Budding

Jiang He, Eileen Sun, Miriam V. Bujny, Doory Kim, Michael W. Davidson, Xiaowei Zhuang

Quaternary Structure of Pathological Prion Protein as a Determining Factor of Strain-Specific Prion Replication Dynamics

Florent Laferrière, Philippe Tixador, Mohammed Moudjou, Jérôme Chapuis, Pierre Sibille, Laetitia Herzog, Fabienne Reine, Emilie Jaumain, Hubert Laude, Human Rezaei, Vincent Béringue

O-mannosylation of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis Adhesin Apa Is Crucial for T Cell Antigenicity during Infection but Is Expendable for Protection

Subhadra Nandakumar, Sunil Kannanganat, Karen M. Dobos, Megan Lucas, John S. Spencer, Sunan Fang, Melissa A. McDonald, Jan Pohl, Kristin Birkness, Venkateswarlu Chamcha, Melissa V. Ramirez, Bonnie B. Plikaytis, James E. Posey, Rama Rao Amara, Suraj B. Sable

CXCR3-Dependent CD4+ T Cells Are Required to Activate Inflammatory Monocytes for Defense against Intestinal Infection

Sara B. Cohen, Kirk J. Maurer, Charlotte E. Egan, Steve Oghumu, Abhay R. Satoskar, Eric Y. Denkers

Kinetics of Myeloid Dendritic Cell Trafficking and Activation: Impact on Progressive, Nonprogressive and Controlled SIV Infections

Viskam Wijewardana, Jan Kristoff, Cuiling Xu, Dongzhu Ma, George Haret-Richter, Jennifer L. Stock, Benjamin B. Policicchio, Adam D. Mobley, Rebecca Nusbaum, Hadega Aamer, Anita Trichel, Ruy M. Ribeiro, Cristian Apetrei, Ivona Pandrea

Glycogen Metabolic Genes Are Involved in Trehalose-6-Phosphate Synthase-Mediated Regulation of Pathogenicity by the Rice Blast Fungus Magnaporthe oryzae

Muhammad Badaruddin, Lucy J. Holcombe, Richard A. Wilson, Zheng-Yi Wang, Michael J. Kershaw, Nicholas J. Talbot

Role of the Vibrio cholerae Matrix Protein Bap1 in Cross-Resistance to Antimicrobial Peptides

Marylise Duperthuy, Annika E. Sjöström, Dharmesh Sabharwal, Fatemeh Damghani, Bernt Eric Uhlin, Sun Nyunt Wai

NADPH Oxidase-Driven Phagocyte Recruitment Controls Candida albicans Filamentous Growth and Prevents Mortality

Kimberly M. Brothers, Remi L. Gratacap, Sarah E. Barker, Zachary R. Newman, Ashley Norum, Robert T. Wheeler

APOBEC3G Polymorphism as a Selective Barrier to Cross-Species Transmission and Emergence of Pathogenic SIV and AIDS in a Primate Host

Annabel Krupp, Kevin R. McCarthy, Marcel Ooms, Michael Letko, Jennifer S. Morgan, Viviana Simon, Welkin E. Johnson

TXNIP Deficiency Exacerbates Endotoxic Shock via the Induction of Excessive Nitric Oxide Synthesis

Young-Jun Park, Sung-Jin Yoon, Hyun-Woo Suh, Dong Oh Kim, Jeong-Ran Park, Haiyoung Jung, Tae-Don Kim, Suk Ran Yoon, Jeong-Ki Min, Hee-Jun Na, Seon-Jin Lee, Hee Gu Lee, Young Ho Lee, Hee-Bong Lee, Inpyo Choi

A Mechanism for the Inhibition of DNA-PK-Mediated DNA Sensing by a Virus

Nicholas E. Peters, Brian J. Ferguson, Michela Mazzon, Aodhnait S. Fahy, Ewelina Krysztofinska, Raquel Arribas-Bosacoma, Laurence H. Pearl, Hongwei Ren, Geoffrey L. Smith

Herpes Simplex Virus Type 1 Single Strand DNA Binding Protein and Helicase/Primase Complex Disable Cellular ATR Signaling

Kareem N. Mohni, Samantha Smith, Alexander R. Dee, April J. Schumacher, Sandra K. Weller

Type I J-Domain NbMIP1 Proteins Are Required for Both Tobacco Mosaic Virus Infection and Plant Innate Immunity

Yumei Du, Jinping Zhao, Tianyuan Chen, Qi Liu, Haili Zhang, Yan Wang, Yiguo Hong, Fangming Xiao, Ling Zhang, Qianhua Shen, Yule Liu

Sequestration by IFIT1 Impairs Translation of 2′O-unmethylated Capped RNA

Matthias Habjan, Philipp Hubel, Livia Lacerda, Christian Benda, Cathleen Holze, Christian H. Eberl, Angelika Mann, Eveline Kindler, Cristina Gil-Cruz, John Ziebuhr, Volker Thiel, Andreas Pichlmair

Ehrlichia chaffeensis Uses Its Surface Protein EtpE to Bind GPI-Anchored Protein DNase X and Trigger Entry into Mammalian Cells

Dipu Mohan Kumar, Mamoru Yamaguchi, Koshiro Miura, Mingqun Lin, Marek Los, Johannes F. Coy, Yasuko Rikihisa

Loss of the TGFβ-Activating Integrin αvβ8 on Dendritic Cells Protects Mice from Chronic Intestinal Parasitic Infection via Control of Type 2 Immunity

John J. Worthington, Joanna E. Klementowicz, Sayema Rahman, Beata I. Czajkowska, Catherine Smedley, Herman Waldmann, Tim Sparwasser, Richard K. Grencis, Mark A. Travis

Inhibition of Pyrimidine Biosynthesis Pathway Suppresses Viral Growth through Innate Immunity

Marianne Lucas-Hourani, Daniel Dauzonne, Pierre Jorda, Gaëlle Cousin, Alexandru Lupan, Olivier Helynck, Grégory Caignard, Geneviève Janvier, Gwénaëlle André-Leroux, Samira Khiar, Nicolas Escriou, Philippe Desprès, Yves Jacob, Hélène Munier-Lehmann, Frédéric Tangy, Pierre-Olivier Vidalain

Early Host Cell Targets of Yersinia pestis during Primary Pneumonic Plague

Roger D. Pechous, Vijay Sivaraman, Paul A. Price, Nikolas M. Stasulli, William E. Goldman

Contribution of Host Intracellular Transport Machineries to Intercellular Movement of Turnip Mosaic Virus

Maxime Agbeci, Romain Grangeon, Richard S. Nelson, Huanquan Zheng, Jean-François Laliberté

The TgsGP Gene Is Essential for Resistance to Human Serum in Trypanosoma brucei gambiense

Paul Capewell, Caroline Clucas, Eric DeJesus, Rudo Kieft, Stephen Hajduk, Nicola Veitch, Pieter C. Steketee, Anneli Cooper, William Weir, Annette MacLeod

Massive Depletion of Bovine Leukemia Virus Proviral Clones Located in Genomic Transcriptionally Active Sites during Primary Infection

Nicolas A. Gillet, Gerónimo Gutiérrez, Sabrina M. Rodriguez, Alix de Brogniez, Nathalie Renotte, Irene Alvarez, Karina Trono, Luc Willems