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Research Article

Sequential Delivery of Host-Induced Virulence Effectors by Appressoria and Intracellular Hyphae of the Phytopathogen Colletotrichum higginsianum

  • Jochen Kleemann,

    Affiliation: Department of Plant-Microbe Interactions, Max-Planck-Institute for Plant Breeding Research, Cologne, Germany

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  • Linda J. Rincon-Rivera equal contributor,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Linda J. Rincon-Rivera, Hiroyuki Takahara

    Affiliation: Department of Plant-Microbe Interactions, Max-Planck-Institute for Plant Breeding Research, Cologne, Germany

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  • Hiroyuki Takahara equal contributor,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Linda J. Rincon-Rivera, Hiroyuki Takahara

    Affiliation: Department of Plant-Microbe Interactions, Max-Planck-Institute for Plant Breeding Research, Cologne, Germany

    Current address: Department of Bioproduction Science, Faculty of Bioresources and Environmental Sciences, Ishikawa Prefectural University, Ishikawa, Japan

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  • Ulla Neumann ,

    Affiliation: Central Microscopy Max-Planck-Institute for Plant Breeding Research, Cologne, Germany

    These authors also contributed equally to this work.

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  • Emiel Ver Loren van Themaat ,

    Affiliation: Department of Plant-Microbe Interactions, Max-Planck-Institute for Plant Breeding Research, Cologne, Germany

    These authors also contributed equally to this work.

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  • H. Charlotte van der Does ,

    Affiliation: Department of Plant-Microbe Interactions, Max-Planck-Institute for Plant Breeding Research, Cologne, Germany

    Current address: Department of Plant Pathology, Swammerdam Institute for Life Sciences, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

    These authors also contributed equally to this work.

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  • Stéphane Hacquard,

    Affiliation: Department of Plant-Microbe Interactions, Max-Planck-Institute for Plant Breeding Research, Cologne, Germany

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  • Kurt Stüber,

    Affiliation: Max Planck Genome Centre Cologne, Cologne, Germany

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  • Isa Will,

    Affiliation: Department of Plant-Microbe Interactions, Max-Planck-Institute for Plant Breeding Research, Cologne, Germany

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  • Wolfgang Schmalenbach,

    Affiliation: Department of Plant-Microbe Interactions, Max-Planck-Institute for Plant Breeding Research, Cologne, Germany

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  • Elmon Schmelzer,

    Affiliation: Central Microscopy Max-Planck-Institute for Plant Breeding Research, Cologne, Germany

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  • Richard J. O'Connell mail

    oconnel@mpipz.mpg.de

    Affiliation: Department of Plant-Microbe Interactions, Max-Planck-Institute for Plant Breeding Research, Cologne, Germany

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  • Published: April 05, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1002643

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