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Research Article

Distinct Clones of Yersinia pestis Caused the Black Death

  • Stephanie Haensch,

    Affiliation: Institute for Anthropology, Johannes Gutenberg University, Mainz, Germany

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  • Raffaella Bianucci,

    Affiliations: Laboratory of Criminalistic Sciences Department of Anatomy, Pharmacology and Legal Medicine, University of Turin, Turin, Italy, Unité d'Anthropologie Bioculturelle, Faculté de Medecine, University of Mediterranean-CNRS-EFS, Marseille, France

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  • Michel Signoli,

    Affiliations: Unité d'Anthropologie Bioculturelle, Faculté de Medecine, University of Mediterranean-CNRS-EFS, Marseille, France, Centre d'Études Préhistoire, Antiquité, Moyen-âge, UMR 6130 CNRS–250 University of Nice, Valbonne, France

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  • Minoarisoa Rajerison,

    Affiliation: Center for Plague, Institute Pasteur de Madagascar, World Health Organization Collaborating, Antananarivo, Madagascar

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  • Michael Schultz,

    Affiliation: Department of Anatomy and Embryology Medical Faculty, Georg-August University, Göttingen, Germany

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  • Sacha Kacki,

    Affiliations: Inrap, Villeneuve-d'Ascq Archaeological Center, Villeneuve-d'Ascq, France, Laboratoire d'Anthropologie des Populations du Passé, Université Bordeaux 1, Talence, France

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  • Marco Vermunt,

    Affiliation: Department of Monuments and Archaeology, Municipality of Bergen op Zoom, Bergen op Zoom, The Netherlands

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  • Darlene A. Weston,

    Affiliations: Barge's Anthropologica, Department of Anatomy and Embryology, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands, Division of Archaeological Sciences, University of Bradford, Bradford, West Yorkshire, United Kingdom, Department of Human Evolution, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany

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  • Derek Hurst,

    Affiliation: Worcestershire Historic Environment and Archaeology Service, Worcestershire County Council, Worcester, United Kingdom

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  • Mark Achtman,

    Affiliation: Environmental Research Institute, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland

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  • Elisabeth Carniel,

    Affiliation: Yersinia Research Unit, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France

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  • Barbara Bramanti mail

    bramanti@uni-mainz.de

    Affiliation: Institute for Anthropology, Johannes Gutenberg University, Mainz, Germany

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  • Published: October 07, 2010
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1001134

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