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Research Article

Transforming Growth Factor-β: Activation by Neuraminidase and Role in Highly Pathogenic H5N1 Influenza Pathogenesis

  • Christina M. Carlson equal contributor,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Christina M. Carlson, Elizabeth A. Turpin

    Affiliation: Department of Medical Microbiology and Immunology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin, United States of America

    X
  • Elizabeth A. Turpin equal contributor,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Christina M. Carlson, Elizabeth A. Turpin

    Affiliation: Pfizer Inc., Department of Viral Vaccines, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, United States of America

    X
  • Lindsey A. Moser,

    Affiliation: Department of Medical Microbiology and Immunology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin, United States of America

    X
  • Kevin B. O'Brien,

    Affiliations: Department of Medical Microbiology and Immunology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin, United States of America, Department of Infectious Disease, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee, United States of America

    X
  • Troy D. Cline,

    Affiliation: Department of Infectious Disease, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee, United States of America

    X
  • Jeremy C. Jones,

    Affiliation: Department of Infectious Disease, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee, United States of America

    X
  • Terrence M. Tumpey,

    Affiliation: Influenza Division, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

    X
  • Jacqueline M. Katz,

    Affiliation: Influenza Division, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

    X
  • Laura A. Kelley,

    Affiliation: Biosciences Research Laboratory, USDA Agricultural Research Station, Fargo, North Dakota, United States of America

    X
  • Jack Gauldie,

    Affiliation: Department of Pathology and Molecular Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada

    X
  • Stacey Schultz-Cherry mail

    stacey.schultz-cherry@stjude.org

    Affiliation: Department of Infectious Disease, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee, United States of America

    X
  • Published: October 07, 2010
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1001136

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