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Research Article

A Strong Immune Response in Young Adult Honeybees Masks Their Increased Susceptibility to Infection Compared to Older Bees

  • James C. Bull,

    Affiliation: School of Life Sciences, University of Warwick, Coventry, United Kingdom

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  • Eugene V. Ryabov,

    Affiliation: School of Life Sciences, University of Warwick, Coventry, United Kingdom

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  • Gill Prince,

    Affiliation: School of Life Sciences and Warwick Crop Centre, University of Warwick, Wellesbourne Campus, Wellesbourne, Warwickshire, United Kingdom

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  • Andrew Mead,

    Affiliation: School of Life Sciences and Warwick Crop Centre, University of Warwick, Wellesbourne Campus, Wellesbourne, Warwickshire, United Kingdom

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  • Cunjin Zhang,

    Affiliation: School of Life Sciences and Warwick Crop Centre, University of Warwick, Wellesbourne Campus, Wellesbourne, Warwickshire, United Kingdom

    Current address: School of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, Durham University, Durham, United Kingdom.

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  • Laura A. Baxter,

    Affiliation: Warwick Systems Biology Centre, University of Warwick, Coventry, United Kingdom

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  • Judith K. Pell,

    Affiliation: Centre for Soils and Ecosystem Function, Department of Plant and Invertebrate Ecology, Rothamsted Research, Harpenden, Hertfordshire, United Kingdom

    Current address: J.K. Pell Consulting, Luton, Bedfordshire, United Kingdom.

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  • Juliet L. Osborne,

    Affiliation: Centre for Soils and Ecosystem Function, Department of Plant and Invertebrate Ecology, Rothamsted Research, Harpenden, Hertfordshire, United Kingdom

    Current address: Environment and Sustainability Institute, University of Exeter, Penryn, Cornwall, United Kingdom.

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  • Dave Chandler mail

    dave.chandler@warwick.ac.uk

    Affiliation: School of Life Sciences and Warwick Crop Centre, University of Warwick, Wellesbourne Campus, Wellesbourne, Warwickshire, United Kingdom

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  • Published: December 27, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1003083

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