Advertisement
Research Article

Phenoloxidase Activity Acts as a Mosquito Innate Immune Response against Infection with Semliki Forest Virus

  • Julio Rodriguez-Andres,

    Affiliations: The Roslin Institute and Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies, University of Edinburgh, Easter Bush, Midlothian, United Kingdom, MRC-University of Glasgow Centre for Virus Research, Glasgow, United Kingdom

    X
  • Seema Rani,

    Affiliation: The Roslin Institute and Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies, University of Edinburgh, Easter Bush, Midlothian, United Kingdom

    X
  • Margus Varjak,

    Affiliation: Institute of Technology, University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia

    X
  • Margo E. Chase-Topping,

    Affiliation: Centre for Immunity, Infection and Evolution, Ashworth Laboratories, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom

    X
  • Markus H. Beck,

    Affiliation: Department of Entomology, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia, United States of America

    X
  • Mhairi C. Ferguson,

    Affiliation: The Roslin Institute and Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies, University of Edinburgh, Easter Bush, Midlothian, United Kingdom

    X
  • Esther Schnettler,

    Affiliations: The Roslin Institute and Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies, University of Edinburgh, Easter Bush, Midlothian, United Kingdom, MRC-University of Glasgow Centre for Virus Research, Glasgow, United Kingdom

    X
  • Rennos Fragkoudis,

    Affiliation: The Roslin Institute and Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies, University of Edinburgh, Easter Bush, Midlothian, United Kingdom

    X
  • Gerald Barry,

    Affiliation: The Roslin Institute and Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies, University of Edinburgh, Easter Bush, Midlothian, United Kingdom

    X
  • Andres Merits,

    Affiliation: Institute of Technology, University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia

    X
  • John K. Fazakerley,

    Affiliation: The Roslin Institute and Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies, University of Edinburgh, Easter Bush, Midlothian, United Kingdom

    X
  • Michael R. Strand mail,

    mrstrand@uga.edu (MRS); alain.kohl@glasgow.ac.uk (AK)

    Affiliation: Department of Entomology, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia, United States of America

    X
  • Alain Kohl mail

    mrstrand@uga.edu (MRS); alain.kohl@glasgow.ac.uk (AK)

    Affiliations: The Roslin Institute and Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies, University of Edinburgh, Easter Bush, Midlothian, United Kingdom, MRC-University of Glasgow Centre for Virus Research, Glasgow, United Kingdom

    X
  • Published: November 08, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1002977

Media Coverage of this Article

Found additional news media or blog coverage for the article? Please let us know.